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Title: A Novel System for Carbon Dioxide Capture Utilizing Electrochemical Membrane Technology

Abstract

FuelCell Energy, Inc. (FCE), in collaboration with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and URS Corporation, is developing a novel Combined Electric Power and Carbon-Dioxide Separation (CEPACS) system, under a contract from the U.S. Department of Energy (DE-FE0007634), to efficiently and cost effectively separate carbon dioxide from the emissions of existing coal fired power plants. The CEPACS system is based on FCE’s electrochemical membrane (ECM) technology utilizing the Company’s internal reforming carbonate fuel cell products carrying the trade name of Direct FuelCell® (DFC®). The unique chemistry of carbonate fuel cells offers an innovative approach for separation of CO2 from existing fossil-fuel power plant exhaust streams (flue gases). The ECM-based CEPACS system has the potential to become a transformational CO2-separation technology by working as two devices in one: it separates the CO2 from the exhaust of other plants such as an existing coal-fired plant and simultaneously produces clean and environmentally benign (green) electric power at high efficiency using a supplementary fuel. The overall objective of this project is to successfully demonstrate the ability of FCE’s electrochemical membrane-based CEPACS system technology to separate ≥ 90% of the CO2 from a simulated Pulverized Coal (PC) power plant flue-gas stream and to compress the capturedmore » CO2 to a state that can be easily transported for sequestration or beneficial use. Also, a key project objective is to show, through a Technical and Economic Feasibility Study and bench scale testing (11.7 m2 area ECM), that the electrochemical membrane-based CEPACS system is an economical alternative for CO2 capture in PC power plants, and that it meets DOE objectives for the incremental cost of electricity (COE) for post-combustion CO2 capture.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1087256
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-93049
Journal ID: ISSN 1938--6737; AA6510000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
ECS Transactions, 51(1):265-272
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 51; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1938--6737
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
post-combustion CO2 capture; direct fuel cells; electrochemical membrane

Citation Formats

Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein, Jolly, Stephen, Patel, Dilip, Hunt, Jennifer, Steen, William A., Richardson, Carl F., and Marina, Olga A. A Novel System for Carbon Dioxide Capture Utilizing Electrochemical Membrane Technology. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1149/05101.0265ecst.
Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein, Jolly, Stephen, Patel, Dilip, Hunt, Jennifer, Steen, William A., Richardson, Carl F., & Marina, Olga A. A Novel System for Carbon Dioxide Capture Utilizing Electrochemical Membrane Technology. United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/05101.0265ecst
Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein, Jolly, Stephen, Patel, Dilip, Hunt, Jennifer, Steen, William A., Richardson, Carl F., and Marina, Olga A. Mon . "A Novel System for Carbon Dioxide Capture Utilizing Electrochemical Membrane Technology". United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/05101.0265ecst.
@article{osti_1087256,
title = {A Novel System for Carbon Dioxide Capture Utilizing Electrochemical Membrane Technology},
author = {Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein and Jolly, Stephen and Patel, Dilip and Hunt, Jennifer and Steen, William A. and Richardson, Carl F. and Marina, Olga A.},
abstractNote = {FuelCell Energy, Inc. (FCE), in collaboration with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and URS Corporation, is developing a novel Combined Electric Power and Carbon-Dioxide Separation (CEPACS) system, under a contract from the U.S. Department of Energy (DE-FE0007634), to efficiently and cost effectively separate carbon dioxide from the emissions of existing coal fired power plants. The CEPACS system is based on FCE’s electrochemical membrane (ECM) technology utilizing the Company’s internal reforming carbonate fuel cell products carrying the trade name of Direct FuelCell® (DFC®). The unique chemistry of carbonate fuel cells offers an innovative approach for separation of CO2 from existing fossil-fuel power plant exhaust streams (flue gases). The ECM-based CEPACS system has the potential to become a transformational CO2-separation technology by working as two devices in one: it separates the CO2 from the exhaust of other plants such as an existing coal-fired plant and simultaneously produces clean and environmentally benign (green) electric power at high efficiency using a supplementary fuel. The overall objective of this project is to successfully demonstrate the ability of FCE’s electrochemical membrane-based CEPACS system technology to separate ≥ 90% of the CO2 from a simulated Pulverized Coal (PC) power plant flue-gas stream and to compress the captured CO2 to a state that can be easily transported for sequestration or beneficial use. Also, a key project objective is to show, through a Technical and Economic Feasibility Study and bench scale testing (11.7 m2 area ECM), that the electrochemical membrane-based CEPACS system is an economical alternative for CO2 capture in PC power plants, and that it meets DOE objectives for the incremental cost of electricity (COE) for post-combustion CO2 capture.},
doi = {10.1149/05101.0265ecst},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1087256}, journal = {ECS Transactions, 51(1):265-272},
issn = {1938--6737},
number = 1,
volume = 51,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {6}
}