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Title: Dynamical gap and cupratelike physics from holography

Abstract

We study the properties of fermion correlators in a boundary theory dual to the Reissner-Nordström AdS{sub d+1} background in the presence of a bulk dipole (Pauli) interaction term with strength p . We show that by simply changing the value of the parameter p we can tune continuously from a Fermi liquid (small p ), to a marginal-Fermi liquid behavior at a critical value of p , to a generic non-Fermi liquid at intermediate values of p , and finally to a Mott insulator at large values of the bulk Pauli coupling. As all of these phases are seen in the cuprate phase diagram, the holographic model we study has the key elements of the strong-coupling physics typified by Mott systems. In addition, we extend our analysis to finite temperature and show that the Mott gap closes. Of particular interest is that it closes when the ratio of the gap to the critical temperature is of the order of 10. This behavior is very much similar to that observed in the classic Mott insulator VO{sub 2} . We then analyze the nonanalyticities of the boundary theory fermion correlators for generic values of frequency and momentum by calculating the quasinormal modesmore » of the bulk fermions. Not surprisingly, we find no evidence for the dipole interaction inducing an instability in the boundary theory. Finally, we briefly consider the introduction of superconducting condensates and find that, in that case, the fermion gap is driven by scalar-fermion couplings rather than by the Pauli coupling.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC); Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1065264
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 83; Related Information: CES partners with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Argonne National Laboratory; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Los Alamos National Laboratory
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; phonons, thermal conductivity, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), superconductivity, defects, spin dynamics

Citation Formats

Edalati, Mohammad, Leigh, Robert G., Lo, Ka Wai, and Phillips, Philip W. Dynamical gap and cupratelike physics from holography. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.046012.
Edalati, Mohammad, Leigh, Robert G., Lo, Ka Wai, & Phillips, Philip W. Dynamical gap and cupratelike physics from holography. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.046012.
Edalati, Mohammad, Leigh, Robert G., Lo, Ka Wai, and Phillips, Philip W. Fri . "Dynamical gap and cupratelike physics from holography". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.046012.
@article{osti_1065264,
title = {Dynamical gap and cupratelike physics from holography},
author = {Edalati, Mohammad and Leigh, Robert G. and Lo, Ka Wai and Phillips, Philip W.},
abstractNote = {We study the properties of fermion correlators in a boundary theory dual to the Reissner-Nordström AdS{sub d+1} background in the presence of a bulk dipole (Pauli) interaction term with strength p . We show that by simply changing the value of the parameter p we can tune continuously from a Fermi liquid (small p ), to a marginal-Fermi liquid behavior at a critical value of p , to a generic non-Fermi liquid at intermediate values of p , and finally to a Mott insulator at large values of the bulk Pauli coupling. As all of these phases are seen in the cuprate phase diagram, the holographic model we study has the key elements of the strong-coupling physics typified by Mott systems. In addition, we extend our analysis to finite temperature and show that the Mott gap closes. Of particular interest is that it closes when the ratio of the gap to the critical temperature is of the order of 10. This behavior is very much similar to that observed in the classic Mott insulator VO{sub 2} . We then analyze the nonanalyticities of the boundary theory fermion correlators for generic values of frequency and momentum by calculating the quasinormal modes of the bulk fermions. Not surprisingly, we find no evidence for the dipole interaction inducing an instability in the boundary theory. Finally, we briefly consider the introduction of superconducting condensates and find that, in that case, the fermion gap is driven by scalar-fermion couplings rather than by the Pauli coupling.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.83.046012},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = ,
volume = 83,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {2}
}