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Title: Chemical destruction of HMX-based explosives with ammonium hydroxide

Abstract

A series of experiments at Los Alamos National Laboratory explored the efficacy of ammonium hydroxide solutions in converting HMX (cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine, or Octogen) and HMX-based explosives to nonenergetic, nonhazardous materials. When 80 g of explosive was converted in a reactor operating at 85 psig pressure at 140 C, the principal gaseous products were nitrous oxide (46% to 51%), nitrogen (22% to 32%), and ammonia (17% to 28%). Formate and hexamethylene-tetramine (hexamine) account for effectively 100% of the carbon-bearing aqueous species. Nitrate, nitrite, and acetate were present in the liquid in trace amounts. The process effectively treated molding powders of the plastic-bonded explosives PBX 9501 (2.5% estane), LX-04 (15% viton), and PBX 9404 (3% nitrocellulose). Results were compared with those achieved using sodium hydroxide solutions at 150 C in a pressurized reactor.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
106521
Report Number(s):
LA-13003
ON: DE96000052; TRN: AHC29525%%20
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Sep 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; CHEMICAL EXPLOSIVES; ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS; DECOMPOSITION; AMMONIUM HYDROXIDES; BY-PRODUCTS; PRESSURE VESSELS; PARTICLE SIZE; DATA ACQUISITION; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA

Citation Formats

Skidmore, C, Dell`Orco, P, Flesner, R, Kramer, J, and Spontarelli, T. Chemical destruction of HMX-based explosives with ammonium hydroxide. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.2172/106521.
Skidmore, C, Dell`Orco, P, Flesner, R, Kramer, J, & Spontarelli, T. Chemical destruction of HMX-based explosives with ammonium hydroxide. United States. doi:10.2172/106521.
Skidmore, C, Dell`Orco, P, Flesner, R, Kramer, J, and Spontarelli, T. Fri . "Chemical destruction of HMX-based explosives with ammonium hydroxide". United States. doi:10.2172/106521. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/106521.
@article{osti_106521,
title = {Chemical destruction of HMX-based explosives with ammonium hydroxide},
author = {Skidmore, C and Dell`Orco, P and Flesner, R and Kramer, J and Spontarelli, T},
abstractNote = {A series of experiments at Los Alamos National Laboratory explored the efficacy of ammonium hydroxide solutions in converting HMX (cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine, or Octogen) and HMX-based explosives to nonenergetic, nonhazardous materials. When 80 g of explosive was converted in a reactor operating at 85 psig pressure at 140 C, the principal gaseous products were nitrous oxide (46% to 51%), nitrogen (22% to 32%), and ammonia (17% to 28%). Formate and hexamethylene-tetramine (hexamine) account for effectively 100% of the carbon-bearing aqueous species. Nitrate, nitrite, and acetate were present in the liquid in trace amounts. The process effectively treated molding powders of the plastic-bonded explosives PBX 9501 (2.5% estane), LX-04 (15% viton), and PBX 9404 (3% nitrocellulose). Results were compared with those achieved using sodium hydroxide solutions at 150 C in a pressurized reactor.},
doi = {10.2172/106521},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {9}
}