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Title: A Patterned 3D Silicon Anode Fabricated by Electrodeposition on a Virus-Structured Current Collector

Abstract

Electrochemical methods were developed for the deposition of nanosilicon onto a 3D virus-structured nickel current collector. This nickel current collector is composed of self-assembled nanowire-like rods of genetically modified tobacco mosaic virus (TMV1cys), chemically coated in nickel to create a complex high surface area conductive substrate. The electrochemically depo­sited 3D silicon anodes demonstrate outstanding rate performance, cycling stability, and rate capability. Electrodeposition thus provides a unique means of fabricating silicon anode materials on complex substrates at low cost.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC); Nanostructures for Electrical Energy Storage (NEES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1064930
DOE Contract Number:
SC0001160
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Advanced Functional Materials; Journal Volume: 21; Related Information: NEES partners with University of Maryland (lead); University of California, Irvine; University of Florida; Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandia National Laboratories; Yale University
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; bio-inspired, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), defects, charge transport, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly), synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Chen, X L, Gerasopoulos, K, Guo, J C, Brown, A, Wang, Chunsheng, Ghodssi, Reza, and Culver, J N. A Patterned 3D Silicon Anode Fabricated by Electrodeposition on a Virus-Structured Current Collector. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201001475.
Chen, X L, Gerasopoulos, K, Guo, J C, Brown, A, Wang, Chunsheng, Ghodssi, Reza, & Culver, J N. A Patterned 3D Silicon Anode Fabricated by Electrodeposition on a Virus-Structured Current Collector. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201001475.
Chen, X L, Gerasopoulos, K, Guo, J C, Brown, A, Wang, Chunsheng, Ghodssi, Reza, and Culver, J N. Tue . "A Patterned 3D Silicon Anode Fabricated by Electrodeposition on a Virus-Structured Current Collector". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201001475.
@article{osti_1064930,
title = {A Patterned 3D Silicon Anode Fabricated by Electrodeposition on a Virus-Structured Current Collector},
author = {Chen, X L and Gerasopoulos, K and Guo, J C and Brown, A and Wang, Chunsheng and Ghodssi, Reza and Culver, J N},
abstractNote = {Electrochemical methods were developed for the deposition of nanosilicon onto a 3D virus-structured nickel current collector. This nickel current collector is composed of self-assembled nanowire-like rods of genetically modified tobacco mosaic virus (TMV1cys), chemically coated in nickel to create a complex high surface area conductive substrate. The electrochemically depo­sited 3D silicon anodes demonstrate outstanding rate performance, cycling stability, and rate capability. Electrodeposition thus provides a unique means of fabricating silicon anode materials on complex substrates at low cost.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201001475},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = ,
volume = 21,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Nov 09 00:00:00 EST 2010},
month = {Tue Nov 09 00:00:00 EST 2010}
}