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Title: Observation of EHO in NSTX and Theoretical Study of its Active Control Using HHFW Antenna

Abstract

Two important topics in the tokamak ELM control, using the non-axisymmetric (3D) magnetic perturbations, are studied in NSTX and combined envisioning ELM control in the future NSTX-U operation: Experimental observations of the edge harmonic oscillation in NSTX (not necessarily the same as EHOs in DIII-D), and theoretical study of its external drive using the high harmonic fast wave (HHFW) antenna as a 3D field coil. Edge harmonic oscillations were observed particularly well in NSTX ELM-free operation with low n core modes, with various diagnostics confirming n = 4 ~ 6 edge-localized and coherent oscillations in 2 ~ 8kHz frequency range. These oscillations seem to have a favored operational window in rotational shear, similarly to EHOs in DIII-D QH modes . However, in NSTX, they are not observed to provide particle or impurity control, possibly due to their weak amplitudes, of a few mm displacements, as measured by reflectometry. The external drive of these modes has been proposed in NSTX, by utilizing audio-frequency currents in the HHFW antenna straps. Analysis shows that the HHFW straps can be optimized to maximize n = 4 ~ 6 while minimizing n = 1 ~ 3. Also, IPEC calculations show that the optimized configuration withmore » only 1kAt current can produce comparable or larger displacements than the observed internal modes. If this optimized external drive can be constructively combined, or further resonated with the internal modes, the edge harmonic oscillations in NSTX may be able to produce sufficient particle control to modify ELMs.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1059935
Report Number(s):
PPPL-4843
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-ACO2-09-CH11466
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Edge Localized Mode (ELM), Tokamaks, NSTX, Transport Phenomena

Citation Formats

J -K Park, et al. Observation of EHO in NSTX and Theoretical Study of its Active Control Using HHFW Antenna. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.2172/1059935.
J -K Park, et al. Observation of EHO in NSTX and Theoretical Study of its Active Control Using HHFW Antenna. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1059935
J -K Park, et al. Mon . "Observation of EHO in NSTX and Theoretical Study of its Active Control Using HHFW Antenna". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1059935. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1059935.
@article{osti_1059935,
title = {Observation of EHO in NSTX and Theoretical Study of its Active Control Using HHFW Antenna},
author = {J -K Park, et al},
abstractNote = {Two important topics in the tokamak ELM control, using the non-axisymmetric (3D) magnetic perturbations, are studied in NSTX and combined envisioning ELM control in the future NSTX-U operation: Experimental observations of the edge harmonic oscillation in NSTX (not necessarily the same as EHOs in DIII-D), and theoretical study of its external drive using the high harmonic fast wave (HHFW) antenna as a 3D field coil. Edge harmonic oscillations were observed particularly well in NSTX ELM-free operation with low n core modes, with various diagnostics confirming n = 4 ~ 6 edge-localized and coherent oscillations in 2 ~ 8kHz frequency range. These oscillations seem to have a favored operational window in rotational shear, similarly to EHOs in DIII-D QH modes . However, in NSTX, they are not observed to provide particle or impurity control, possibly due to their weak amplitudes, of a few mm displacements, as measured by reflectometry. The external drive of these modes has been proposed in NSTX, by utilizing audio-frequency currents in the HHFW antenna straps. Analysis shows that the HHFW straps can be optimized to maximize n = 4 ~ 6 while minimizing n = 1 ~ 3. Also, IPEC calculations show that the optimized configuration with only 1kAt current can produce comparable or larger displacements than the observed internal modes. If this optimized external drive can be constructively combined, or further resonated with the internal modes, the edge harmonic oscillations in NSTX may be able to produce sufficient particle control to modify ELMs.},
doi = {10.2172/1059935},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1059935}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {1}
}