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Title: Biomass to Gasoline and Diesel Using Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion

Abstract

Cellulosic and woody biomass can be directly converted to hydrocarbon gasoline and diesel blending components through the use of integrated hydropyrolysis plus hydroconversion (IH 2). The IH 2 gasoline and diesel blending components are fully compatible with petroleum based gasoline and diesel, contain less than 1% oxygen and have less than 1 total acid number (TAN). The IH 2 gasoline is high quality and very close to a drop in fuel. The DOE funding enabled rapid development of the IH 2 technology from initial proof-of-principle experiments through continuous testing in a 50 kg/day pilot plant. As part of this project, engineering work on IH 2 has also been completed to design a 1 ton/day demonstration unit and a commercial-scale 2000 ton/day IH 2 unit. These studies show when using IH 2 technology, biomass can be converted directly to transportation quality fuel blending components for the same capital cost required for pyrolysis alone, and a fraction of the cost of pyrolysis plus upgrading of pyrolysis oil. Technoeconomic work for IH 2 and lifecycle analysis (LCA) work has also been completed as part of this DOE study and shows IH 2 technology can convert biomass to gasoline and diesel blending components formore » less than $2.00/gallon with greater than 90% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. As a result of the work completed in this DOE project, a joint development agreement was reached with CRI Catalyst Company to license the IH 2 technology. Further larger-scale, continuous testing of IH 2 will be required to fully demonstrate the technology, and funding for this is recommended. The IH 2 biomass conversion technology would reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil, reduce the price of transportation fuels, and significantly lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It is a breakthrough for the widespread conversion of biomass to transportation fuels.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [8]
  1. Gas Technology Inst., Des Plaines, IL (United States)
  2. CRI-Criterion, Houston, TX (United States)
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  4. Johnson Timber, Hayward, WI (United States)
  5. Cargill, Wayzata, MN (United States)
  6. Aquaflow Bionomic Corporation, Nelson (New Zealand)
  7. Blue Marble Biomaterials, Missoula, MT (United States)
  8. Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Gas Technology Inst., Des Plaines, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Contributing Org.:
CRI-Criterion, Houston, TX (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Johnson Timber, Hayward, WI (United States); Cargill, Wayzata, MN (United States); Aquaflow Bionomic Corporation, Nelson (New Zealand); Blue Marble Biomaterials, Missoula, MT (United States); Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1059031
Report Number(s):
DOE-EE0002873
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0002873
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; biomass; gasoline; diesel; hydropyrolysis; hydroconversion

Citation Formats

Marker, Terry, Roberts, Michael, Linck, Martin, Felix, Larry, Ortiz-Toral, Pedro, Wangerow, Jim, Kraus, Larry, McLeod, Celeste, DelPaggio, Alan, Tan, Eric, Gephart, John, Gromov, Dmitri, Purtle, Ian, Starr, Jack, Hahn, John, Dorrington, Paul, Stevens, James, Shonnard, David, and Maleche, Edwin. Biomass to Gasoline and Diesel Using Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.2172/1059031.
Marker, Terry, Roberts, Michael, Linck, Martin, Felix, Larry, Ortiz-Toral, Pedro, Wangerow, Jim, Kraus, Larry, McLeod, Celeste, DelPaggio, Alan, Tan, Eric, Gephart, John, Gromov, Dmitri, Purtle, Ian, Starr, Jack, Hahn, John, Dorrington, Paul, Stevens, James, Shonnard, David, & Maleche, Edwin. Biomass to Gasoline and Diesel Using Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion. United States. doi:10.2172/1059031.
Marker, Terry, Roberts, Michael, Linck, Martin, Felix, Larry, Ortiz-Toral, Pedro, Wangerow, Jim, Kraus, Larry, McLeod, Celeste, DelPaggio, Alan, Tan, Eric, Gephart, John, Gromov, Dmitri, Purtle, Ian, Starr, Jack, Hahn, John, Dorrington, Paul, Stevens, James, Shonnard, David, and Maleche, Edwin. Wed . "Biomass to Gasoline and Diesel Using Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion". United States. doi:10.2172/1059031. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1059031.
@article{osti_1059031,
title = {Biomass to Gasoline and Diesel Using Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion},
author = {Marker, Terry and Roberts, Michael and Linck, Martin and Felix, Larry and Ortiz-Toral, Pedro and Wangerow, Jim and Kraus, Larry and McLeod, Celeste and DelPaggio, Alan and Tan, Eric and Gephart, John and Gromov, Dmitri and Purtle, Ian and Starr, Jack and Hahn, John and Dorrington, Paul and Stevens, James and Shonnard, David and Maleche, Edwin},
abstractNote = {Cellulosic and woody biomass can be directly converted to hydrocarbon gasoline and diesel blending components through the use of integrated hydropyrolysis plus hydroconversion (IH2). The IH2 gasoline and diesel blending components are fully compatible with petroleum based gasoline and diesel, contain less than 1% oxygen and have less than 1 total acid number (TAN). The IH2 gasoline is high quality and very close to a drop in fuel. The DOE funding enabled rapid development of the IH2 technology from initial proof-of-principle experiments through continuous testing in a 50 kg/day pilot plant. As part of this project, engineering work on IH2 has also been completed to design a 1 ton/day demonstration unit and a commercial-scale 2000 ton/day IH2 unit. These studies show when using IH2 technology, biomass can be converted directly to transportation quality fuel blending components for the same capital cost required for pyrolysis alone, and a fraction of the cost of pyrolysis plus upgrading of pyrolysis oil. Technoeconomic work for IH2 and lifecycle analysis (LCA) work has also been completed as part of this DOE study and shows IH2 technology can convert biomass to gasoline and diesel blending components for less than $2.00/gallon with greater than 90% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. As a result of the work completed in this DOE project, a joint development agreement was reached with CRI Catalyst Company to license the IH2 technology. Further larger-scale, continuous testing of IH2 will be required to fully demonstrate the technology, and funding for this is recommended. The IH2 biomass conversion technology would reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil, reduce the price of transportation fuels, and significantly lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It is a breakthrough for the widespread conversion of biomass to transportation fuels.},
doi = {10.2172/1059031},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 02 00:00:00 EST 2013},
month = {Wed Jan 02 00:00:00 EST 2013}
}

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