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Title: Chromium Isotope Fractionation During Reduction of Cr(VI) Under Saturated Flow Conditions

Abstract

Chromium isotopes are potentially useful indicators of Cr(VI) reduction reactions in groundwater flow systems; however, the influence of transport on Cr isotope fractionation has not been fully examined. Laboratory batch and column experiments were conducted to evaluate isotopic fractionation of Cr during Cr(VI) reduction under both static and controlled flow conditions. Organic carbon was used to reduce Cr(VI) in simulated groundwater containing 20 mg L{sup -1} Cr(VI) in both batch and column experiments. Isotope measurements were performed on dissolved Cr on samples from the batch experiments, and on effluent and profile samples from the column experiment. Analysis of the residual solid-phase materials by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and by X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy confirmed association of Cr(III) with organic carbon in the column solids. Decreases in dissolved Cr(VI) concentrations were coupled with increases in {delta}{sup 53}Cr, indicating that Cr isotope enrichment occurred during reduction of Cr(VI). The {delta}{sup 53}Cr data from the column experiment was fit by linear regression yielding a fractionation factor ({alpha}) of 0.9979, whereas the batch experiments exhibited Rayleigh-type isotope fractionation ({alpha} = 0.9965). The linear characteristic of the column {delta}{sup 53}Cr data may reflect the contribution of transport on Cr isotope fractionation.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. (Waterloo)
  2. (
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
FOREIGN
OSTI Identifier:
1045042
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environ. Sci. Technol.
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: (12) ; 06, 2012; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-936X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION; CARBON; CHROMIUM ISOTOPES; FRACTIONATION; ISOTOPE SEPARATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECTROSCOPY; TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Jamieson-Hanes, Julia H., Gibson, Blair D., Lindsay, Matthew B.J., Kim, Yeongkyoo, Ptacek, Carol J., Blowes, David W., and Kyungpook National University). Chromium Isotope Fractionation During Reduction of Cr(VI) Under Saturated Flow Conditions. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1021/es2042383.
Jamieson-Hanes, Julia H., Gibson, Blair D., Lindsay, Matthew B.J., Kim, Yeongkyoo, Ptacek, Carol J., Blowes, David W., & Kyungpook National University). Chromium Isotope Fractionation During Reduction of Cr(VI) Under Saturated Flow Conditions. United States. doi:10.1021/es2042383.
Jamieson-Hanes, Julia H., Gibson, Blair D., Lindsay, Matthew B.J., Kim, Yeongkyoo, Ptacek, Carol J., Blowes, David W., and Kyungpook National University). Thu . "Chromium Isotope Fractionation During Reduction of Cr(VI) Under Saturated Flow Conditions". United States. doi:10.1021/es2042383.
@article{osti_1045042,
title = {Chromium Isotope Fractionation During Reduction of Cr(VI) Under Saturated Flow Conditions},
author = {Jamieson-Hanes, Julia H. and Gibson, Blair D. and Lindsay, Matthew B.J. and Kim, Yeongkyoo and Ptacek, Carol J. and Blowes, David W. and Kyungpook National University)},
abstractNote = {Chromium isotopes are potentially useful indicators of Cr(VI) reduction reactions in groundwater flow systems; however, the influence of transport on Cr isotope fractionation has not been fully examined. Laboratory batch and column experiments were conducted to evaluate isotopic fractionation of Cr during Cr(VI) reduction under both static and controlled flow conditions. Organic carbon was used to reduce Cr(VI) in simulated groundwater containing 20 mg L{sup -1} Cr(VI) in both batch and column experiments. Isotope measurements were performed on dissolved Cr on samples from the batch experiments, and on effluent and profile samples from the column experiment. Analysis of the residual solid-phase materials by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and by X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy confirmed association of Cr(III) with organic carbon in the column solids. Decreases in dissolved Cr(VI) concentrations were coupled with increases in {delta}{sup 53}Cr, indicating that Cr isotope enrichment occurred during reduction of Cr(VI). The {delta}{sup 53}Cr data from the column experiment was fit by linear regression yielding a fractionation factor ({alpha}) of 0.9979, whereas the batch experiments exhibited Rayleigh-type isotope fractionation ({alpha} = 0.9965). The linear characteristic of the column {delta}{sup 53}Cr data may reflect the contribution of transport on Cr isotope fractionation.},
doi = {10.1021/es2042383},
journal = {Environ. Sci. Technol.},
issn = {0013-936X},
number = (12) ; 06, 2012,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {10}
}