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Title: Crosstalk Compensation for a Rapid, Higher Resolution Impedance Spectrum Measurement

Abstract

Batteries and other energy storage devices are playing larger roles in various industries (e.g., military, automotive, electric utilities, etc.) as the U.S. seeks to reduce its dependence on foreign energy resources. As such, there exists a significant need for accurate, robust state-of-health assessment techniques. Present techniques tend to focus on simple, passive monitoring of voltage and current at a given ambient temperature. However, this approach has the disadvantage of ignoring key elements of health, that is, changes in resistance growth and power fade. Impedance spectroscopy is considered a useful laboratory tool in gauging changes in the resistance and power performance, but it has not been widely considered as an onboard diagnostic tool due to the length of time required to complete the measurement. Cross-Talk Compensation (CTC) is a novel approach that enables rapid, high resolution impedance spectra measurements using a hardware platform that could be designed as an embedded system. This input signal consists of a sum-of-sines excitation current that has a known frequency spread and a duration of one period of the lowest frequency. The voltage response is then captured at a sufficiently fast sample rate. Previously developed rapid impedance spectrum measurement techniques either required a longer excitation signalmore » or a sum-of-sines signal that was separated by harmonic frequencies to reduce or eliminate, respectively, the cross-talk interference in the calculated results. The distinct advantage of CTC, however, is that non-harmonic frequencies can now be included within the excitation signal while still keeping the signal duration at one period of the lowest frequency. Since the frequency spread of the input signal is known, the crosstalk interference between sinusoidal signals within the sum-of-sines at a given frequency of interest can be pre-determined and assigned to an error matrix. Consequently, the real and imaginary components of the impedance at each frequency of interest can be calculated using simple linear algebra based on the error matrix and measured response from the energy storage device given the excitation signal. Analytical validation of CTC over a frequency range between 2000 and 0.1 Hz (i.e., a ten-second input signal duration) was performed using a standardized battery lumped parameter model. The results indicated that the CTC was able to successfully resolve more than 45 frequencies within a sum-of-sines excitation signal, whereas previous techniques could only resolve up to 15 frequencies. A simplified derivation of the CTC technique and its corresponding analytical validation studies using the lumped-parameter model will be presented.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE - EE
OSTI Identifier:
1044203
Report Number(s):
INL/CON-11-22497
TRN: US201214%%370
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2012 AEROSPACE CONFERENCE,Big Sky, Montana,03/03/2012,03/10/2012
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; ALGEBRA; AMBIENT TEMPERATURE; ELECTRIC UTILITIES; ENERGY STORAGE; EXCITATION; FREQUENCY RANGE; HARMONICS; IMPEDANCE; MONITORING; PERFORMANCE; RESOLUTION; SPECTRA; SPECTROSCOPY; VALIDATION; Cross-Talk; Onboard Diagnostics; Rapid Impedance Measurement

Citation Formats

Christophersen, Jon P, Morrison, John L, Rose, David M, Morrison, William H, and Motloch, Chester G. Crosstalk Compensation for a Rapid, Higher Resolution Impedance Spectrum Measurement. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1109/AERO.2012.6187372.
Christophersen, Jon P, Morrison, John L, Rose, David M, Morrison, William H, & Motloch, Chester G. Crosstalk Compensation for a Rapid, Higher Resolution Impedance Spectrum Measurement. United States. doi:10.1109/AERO.2012.6187372.
Christophersen, Jon P, Morrison, John L, Rose, David M, Morrison, William H, and Motloch, Chester G. Thu . "Crosstalk Compensation for a Rapid, Higher Resolution Impedance Spectrum Measurement". United States. doi:10.1109/AERO.2012.6187372. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1044203.
@article{osti_1044203,
title = {Crosstalk Compensation for a Rapid, Higher Resolution Impedance Spectrum Measurement},
author = {Christophersen, Jon P and Morrison, John L and Rose, David M and Morrison, William H and Motloch, Chester G},
abstractNote = {Batteries and other energy storage devices are playing larger roles in various industries (e.g., military, automotive, electric utilities, etc.) as the U.S. seeks to reduce its dependence on foreign energy resources. As such, there exists a significant need for accurate, robust state-of-health assessment techniques. Present techniques tend to focus on simple, passive monitoring of voltage and current at a given ambient temperature. However, this approach has the disadvantage of ignoring key elements of health, that is, changes in resistance growth and power fade. Impedance spectroscopy is considered a useful laboratory tool in gauging changes in the resistance and power performance, but it has not been widely considered as an onboard diagnostic tool due to the length of time required to complete the measurement. Cross-Talk Compensation (CTC) is a novel approach that enables rapid, high resolution impedance spectra measurements using a hardware platform that could be designed as an embedded system. This input signal consists of a sum-of-sines excitation current that has a known frequency spread and a duration of one period of the lowest frequency. The voltage response is then captured at a sufficiently fast sample rate. Previously developed rapid impedance spectrum measurement techniques either required a longer excitation signal or a sum-of-sines signal that was separated by harmonic frequencies to reduce or eliminate, respectively, the cross-talk interference in the calculated results. The distinct advantage of CTC, however, is that non-harmonic frequencies can now be included within the excitation signal while still keeping the signal duration at one period of the lowest frequency. Since the frequency spread of the input signal is known, the crosstalk interference between sinusoidal signals within the sum-of-sines at a given frequency of interest can be pre-determined and assigned to an error matrix. Consequently, the real and imaginary components of the impedance at each frequency of interest can be calculated using simple linear algebra based on the error matrix and measured response from the energy storage device given the excitation signal. Analytical validation of CTC over a frequency range between 2000 and 0.1 Hz (i.e., a ten-second input signal duration) was performed using a standardized battery lumped parameter model. The results indicated that the CTC was able to successfully resolve more than 45 frequencies within a sum-of-sines excitation signal, whereas previous techniques could only resolve up to 15 frequencies. A simplified derivation of the CTC technique and its corresponding analytical validation studies using the lumped-parameter model will be presented.},
doi = {10.1109/AERO.2012.6187372},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {3}
}

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