# KIVA-Update June 2012

## Abstract

Development of a fractional step, a Predictor-Corrector Split (PCS), or what is often known as a projection method combining hp-adaptive system in a Finite Element Method (FEM) for combustion modeling has been achieved. This model will advance the accuracy and range of applicability of the KIVA combustion model and software used typically for internal combustion engine modeling. This abstract describes a PCS hp-adaptive FEM model for turbulent reactive flow spanning all velocity regimes and fluids that is being developed for the new KIVA combustion algorithm, particularly for internal combustion engines. The method and general solver is applicable to Newtonian and non- Newtonian fluids and also for incompressible solids, porous media, solidification modeling, and fluid structure interaction problems. The fuel injection and injector modeling could easily benefit from the capability of solving the fluid structure interaction problem in an injector, helping to understand cycle to cycle variation and cavitation. This is just one example where the new algorithm differs from the old, in addition to handling Conjugate Heat Transfer (CHT), although there a numerous features that makes the new system more robust and accurate. In these ways, the PCS hp-adaptive algorithm does not compete with commercial software packages, those often usedmore »

- Authors:

- Los Alamos National Laboratory

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- DOE/LANL

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1043494

- Report Number(s):
- LA-UR-12-22017

TRN: US201214%%49

- DOE Contract Number:
- AC52-06NA25396

- Resource Type:
- Conference

- Resource Relation:
- Conference: AEC/HCCI Working Group Meeting ; 2012-06-19 - 2012-06-21 ; Southfield, Michigan, United States

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 02 PETROLEUM; 08 HYDROGEN; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 42 ENGINEERING; 97 MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND COMPUTING; ALGORITHMS; COMBUSTION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; FLOW MODELS; HEAT TRANSFER; MEETINGS; NATURAL CONVECTION; SUPERSONIC FLOW; TURBULENT FLOW

### Citation Formats

```
Carrington, David B.
```*KIVA-Update June 2012*. United States: N. p., 2012.
Web.

```
Carrington, David B.
```*KIVA-Update June 2012*. United States.

```
Carrington, David B. Thu .
"KIVA-Update June 2012". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1043494.
```

```
@article{osti_1043494,
```

title = {KIVA-Update June 2012},

author = {Carrington, David B},

abstractNote = {Development of a fractional step, a Predictor-Corrector Split (PCS), or what is often known as a projection method combining hp-adaptive system in a Finite Element Method (FEM) for combustion modeling has been achieved. This model will advance the accuracy and range of applicability of the KIVA combustion model and software used typically for internal combustion engine modeling. This abstract describes a PCS hp-adaptive FEM model for turbulent reactive flow spanning all velocity regimes and fluids that is being developed for the new KIVA combustion algorithm, particularly for internal combustion engines. The method and general solver is applicable to Newtonian and non- Newtonian fluids and also for incompressible solids, porous media, solidification modeling, and fluid structure interaction problems. The fuel injection and injector modeling could easily benefit from the capability of solving the fluid structure interaction problem in an injector, helping to understand cycle to cycle variation and cavitation. This is just one example where the new algorithm differs from the old, in addition to handling Conjugate Heat Transfer (CHT), although there a numerous features that makes the new system more robust and accurate. In these ways, the PCS hp-adaptive algorithm does not compete with commercial software packages, those often used in conjunction with the currently distributed KIVA codes for engine combustion modeling. In addition, choosing a local ALE method on immersed moving parts represented by overset grid that is 2nd order spatially accurate, allows for easy grid generation from CAD to fluid grid while also provide for robustness in handling any possible moving parts configuration without any code modifications. The combined methods employed produce a minimal amount of computational effort as compared to fully resolved grids at the same accuracy. We demonstrate the solver on benchmark problems for the all flow regimes as follows: (1) 2-D backward-facing step using h-adaption, (2) 2-D driven cavity, (3) 2-D natural convection in a differentially heat cavity with h-adaptation, (4) NACA 0012 airfoil in 2-D, (5) supersonic flows over compression ramps, (6) 2-D natural convection in a differentially heat cavity with hp-adaptation, (7) 3-D natural convection in a differentially heat sphere with hp-adaptation. In addition, we show the new moving parts algorithm for working for a 2-D piston; the immersed moving parts method also for valves and pistons, vanes, etc... The movement is performed using an overset grid method and is 2nd order accurate in space, and never produces a tangle grid, that is, robust system at any resolution and any parts configuration. We also show CHT for the currently distributed KIVA-4mpi software and some fairly automatic grid generation using Sandia's Cubit unstructured grid generator. A new electronic web-based manual for KIVA-4 has been developed as well.},

doi = {},

journal = {},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {2012},

month = {6}

}