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Title: Methods for Assessing the Impact of Fog Oil Smoke on Availability, Palatability, & Food Quality of Relevant Life Stages of Insects for Threatened and Endangered Species

Abstract

A methodology for quantifying population dynamics and food source value of insect fauna in areas subjected to fog oil smoke was developed. Our approach employed an environmentally controlled re-circulating wind tunnel outfitted with a high-heat vaporization and re-condensation fog oil generator that has been shown to produce aerosols of comparable chemistry and droplet-size distribution as those of field releases of the smoke. This method provides reproducible exposures of insects under realistic climatic and environmental conditions to fog oil aerosols that duplicate chemical and droplet-size characteristics of field releases of the smoke. The responses measured take into account reduction in food sources due to death and to changes in availability of relevant life stages of insects that form the prey base for the listed Threatened and Endangered Species. The influence of key environmental factors, wind speed and canopy structure on these responses were characterized. Data generated using this method was used to develop response functions related to particle size, concentration, wind speed, and canopy structure that will allow military personnel to assess and manage impacts to endangered species from fog oil smoke used in military training.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1043145
Report Number(s):
PNNL-16534
400403209; TRN: US201213%%260
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AEROSOLS; AVAILABILITY; CHEMISTRY; DISTRIBUTION; ENDANGERED SPECIES; EVAPORATION; FOG; FOOD; INSECTS; MILITARY PERSONNEL; PARTICLE SIZE; POPULATION DYNAMICS; RESPONSE FUNCTIONS; TRAINING; VELOCITY; WIND TUNNELS; Fog Oil; Threatened and endangered species; smoke; insect; toxicity; wind tunnel; risk assessment; obscurents

Citation Formats

Driver, Crystal J., Strenge, Dennis L., Su, Yin-Fong, Cullinan, Valerie I., Herrington, Ricky S., Saunders, Danielle L., and Rogers, Lee E.. Methods for Assessing the Impact of Fog Oil Smoke on Availability, Palatability, & Food Quality of Relevant Life Stages of Insects for Threatened and Endangered Species. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/1043145.
Driver, Crystal J., Strenge, Dennis L., Su, Yin-Fong, Cullinan, Valerie I., Herrington, Ricky S., Saunders, Danielle L., & Rogers, Lee E.. Methods for Assessing the Impact of Fog Oil Smoke on Availability, Palatability, & Food Quality of Relevant Life Stages of Insects for Threatened and Endangered Species. United States. doi:10.2172/1043145.
Driver, Crystal J., Strenge, Dennis L., Su, Yin-Fong, Cullinan, Valerie I., Herrington, Ricky S., Saunders, Danielle L., and Rogers, Lee E.. Sun . "Methods for Assessing the Impact of Fog Oil Smoke on Availability, Palatability, & Food Quality of Relevant Life Stages of Insects for Threatened and Endangered Species". United States. doi:10.2172/1043145. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1043145.
@article{osti_1043145,
title = {Methods for Assessing the Impact of Fog Oil Smoke on Availability, Palatability, & Food Quality of Relevant Life Stages of Insects for Threatened and Endangered Species},
author = {Driver, Crystal J. and Strenge, Dennis L. and Su, Yin-Fong and Cullinan, Valerie I. and Herrington, Ricky S. and Saunders, Danielle L. and Rogers, Lee E.},
abstractNote = {A methodology for quantifying population dynamics and food source value of insect fauna in areas subjected to fog oil smoke was developed. Our approach employed an environmentally controlled re-circulating wind tunnel outfitted with a high-heat vaporization and re-condensation fog oil generator that has been shown to produce aerosols of comparable chemistry and droplet-size distribution as those of field releases of the smoke. This method provides reproducible exposures of insects under realistic climatic and environmental conditions to fog oil aerosols that duplicate chemical and droplet-size characteristics of field releases of the smoke. The responses measured take into account reduction in food sources due to death and to changes in availability of relevant life stages of insects that form the prey base for the listed Threatened and Endangered Species. The influence of key environmental factors, wind speed and canopy structure on these responses were characterized. Data generated using this method was used to develop response functions related to particle size, concentration, wind speed, and canopy structure that will allow military personnel to assess and manage impacts to endangered species from fog oil smoke used in military training.},
doi = {10.2172/1043145},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

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