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Title: First use of three-dimensional equilibrium, stability, and transport calculations for interpretation of ELM-triggering with magnetic perturbations in NSTX

Abstract

The application of non-axisymmetric magnetic perturbations has been demonstrated to destabilize edge-localized modes (ELMs) in the National Spherical Torus Experiment. A model 3D equilibrium has been calculated for these experiments using the VMEC code, which assumes nested flux surfaces and therefore that resonant perturbations are shielded. First, a free-boundary equilibrium is calculated using the NSTX coil set, with pressure and current profiles matched to a standard 2D reconstruction, but with up-down symmetry enforced. A new equilibrium is then calculated with the n = 3 field applied at a level consistent with experiment. This equilibrium is then used as the basis of further calculations using codes developed for analysis of stellarator plasmas. The neoclassical transport due to the 3D fields is calculated to be small compared with the experimental transport rates. Initial stability analysis has been performed, and indicates a modest degradation in ballooning stability with 3D fields applied. A new 3D equilibrium is also calculated using the SIESTA code, which allows for the formation of islands and stochastic regions. A comparison of the field structure between the SIESTA calculation and the assumption of fully penetrated vacuum perturbation indicates smaller island sizes and very small stochastic transport in the SIESTA case.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [5]
  1. ORNL
  2. Universidad Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
  3. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
  4. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL)
  5. Columbia University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1042827
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; MAGNETIC SURFACES; STABILITY; STELLARATORS; SYMMETRY; TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Canik, John, Hirshman, Steven Paul, Sanchez, Raul, Maingi, Rajesh, Ahn, Joon-Wook, Gerhardt, S. P., LaBlanc, B. P., Menard, J., Park, JK, and Sabbagh, S. A. First use of three-dimensional equilibrium, stability, and transport calculations for interpretation of ELM-triggering with magnetic perturbations in NSTX. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0029-5515/52/5/054004.
Canik, John, Hirshman, Steven Paul, Sanchez, Raul, Maingi, Rajesh, Ahn, Joon-Wook, Gerhardt, S. P., LaBlanc, B. P., Menard, J., Park, JK, & Sabbagh, S. A. First use of three-dimensional equilibrium, stability, and transport calculations for interpretation of ELM-triggering with magnetic perturbations in NSTX. United States. doi:10.1088/0029-5515/52/5/054004.
Canik, John, Hirshman, Steven Paul, Sanchez, Raul, Maingi, Rajesh, Ahn, Joon-Wook, Gerhardt, S. P., LaBlanc, B. P., Menard, J., Park, JK, and Sabbagh, S. A. Sun . "First use of three-dimensional equilibrium, stability, and transport calculations for interpretation of ELM-triggering with magnetic perturbations in NSTX". United States. doi:10.1088/0029-5515/52/5/054004.
@article{osti_1042827,
title = {First use of three-dimensional equilibrium, stability, and transport calculations for interpretation of ELM-triggering with magnetic perturbations in NSTX},
author = {Canik, John and Hirshman, Steven Paul and Sanchez, Raul and Maingi, Rajesh and Ahn, Joon-Wook and Gerhardt, S. P. and LaBlanc, B. P. and Menard, J. and Park, JK and Sabbagh, S. A.},
abstractNote = {The application of non-axisymmetric magnetic perturbations has been demonstrated to destabilize edge-localized modes (ELMs) in the National Spherical Torus Experiment. A model 3D equilibrium has been calculated for these experiments using the VMEC code, which assumes nested flux surfaces and therefore that resonant perturbations are shielded. First, a free-boundary equilibrium is calculated using the NSTX coil set, with pressure and current profiles matched to a standard 2D reconstruction, but with up-down symmetry enforced. A new equilibrium is then calculated with the n = 3 field applied at a level consistent with experiment. This equilibrium is then used as the basis of further calculations using codes developed for analysis of stellarator plasmas. The neoclassical transport due to the 3D fields is calculated to be small compared with the experimental transport rates. Initial stability analysis has been performed, and indicates a modest degradation in ballooning stability with 3D fields applied. A new 3D equilibrium is also calculated using the SIESTA code, which allows for the formation of islands and stochastic regions. A comparison of the field structure between the SIESTA calculation and the assumption of fully penetrated vacuum perturbation indicates smaller island sizes and very small stochastic transport in the SIESTA case.},
doi = {10.1088/0029-5515/52/5/054004},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
issn = {0029-5515},
number = 5,
volume = 52,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {1}
}