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Title: PA0148 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Catalyzes the Deamination of Adenine

Abstract

Four proteins from NCBI cog1816, previously annotated as adenosine deaminases, have been subjected to structural and functional characterization. Pa0148 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1), AAur1117 (Arthrobacter aurescens TC1), Sgx9403e, and Sgx9403g have been purified and their substrate profiles determined. Adenosine is not a substrate for any of these enzymes. All of these proteins will deaminate adenine to produce hypoxanthine with k{sub cat}/K{sub m} values that exceed 10{sup 5} M{sup -1} s{sup -1}. These enzymes will also accept 6-chloropurine, 6-methoxypurine, N-6-methyladenine, and 2,6-diaminopurine as alternate substrates. X-ray structures of Pa0148 and AAur1117 have been determined and reveal nearly identical distorted ({beta}/{alpha}){sub 8} barrels with a single zinc ion that is characteristic of members of the amidohydrolase superfamily. Structures of Pa0148 with adenine, 6-chloropurine, and hypoxanthine were also determined, thereby permitting identification of the residues responsible for coordinating the substrate and product.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY (BNL)
Sponsoring Org.:
ELI LILLY & COMPANY
OSTI Identifier:
1040558
Report Number(s):
BNL-96109-2011-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0006-2960; BICHAW; 600301010; TRN: US201210%%734
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Biochemistry (Eaton); Journal Volume: 50; Journal Issue: 30
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ADENINES; ADENOSINE; DEAMINATION; ENZYMES; FUNCTIONALS; HYPOXANTHINE; PROTEINS; PSEUDOMONAS; RESIDUES; SUBSTRATES; ZINC IONS

Citation Formats

Goble, A.M., Swaminathan, S., Zhang, Z., Sauder, J. M., Burley, S. K., and Raushel, F. M.. PA0148 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Catalyzes the Deamination of Adenine. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1021/bi200868u.
Goble, A.M., Swaminathan, S., Zhang, Z., Sauder, J. M., Burley, S. K., & Raushel, F. M.. PA0148 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Catalyzes the Deamination of Adenine. United States. doi:10.1021/bi200868u.
Goble, A.M., Swaminathan, S., Zhang, Z., Sauder, J. M., Burley, S. K., and Raushel, F. M.. Tue . "PA0148 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Catalyzes the Deamination of Adenine". United States. doi:10.1021/bi200868u.
@article{osti_1040558,
title = {PA0148 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Catalyzes the Deamination of Adenine},
author = {Goble, A.M. and Swaminathan, S. and Zhang, Z. and Sauder, J. M. and Burley, S. K. and Raushel, F. M.},
abstractNote = {Four proteins from NCBI cog1816, previously annotated as adenosine deaminases, have been subjected to structural and functional characterization. Pa0148 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1), AAur1117 (Arthrobacter aurescens TC1), Sgx9403e, and Sgx9403g have been purified and their substrate profiles determined. Adenosine is not a substrate for any of these enzymes. All of these proteins will deaminate adenine to produce hypoxanthine with k{sub cat}/K{sub m} values that exceed 10{sup 5} M{sup -1} s{sup -1}. These enzymes will also accept 6-chloropurine, 6-methoxypurine, N-6-methyladenine, and 2,6-diaminopurine as alternate substrates. X-ray structures of Pa0148 and AAur1117 have been determined and reveal nearly identical distorted ({beta}/{alpha}){sub 8} barrels with a single zinc ion that is characteristic of members of the amidohydrolase superfamily. Structures of Pa0148 with adenine, 6-chloropurine, and hypoxanthine were also determined, thereby permitting identification of the residues responsible for coordinating the substrate and product.},
doi = {10.1021/bi200868u},
journal = {Biochemistry (Eaton)},
number = 30,
volume = 50,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Aug 02 00:00:00 EDT 2011},
month = {Tue Aug 02 00:00:00 EDT 2011}
}
  • Four proteins from NCBI cog1816, previously annotated as adenosine deaminases, have been subjected to structural and functional characterization. Pa0148 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1), AAur1117 (Arthrobacter aurescens TC1), Sgx9403e, and Sgx9403g have been purified and their substrate profiles determined. Adenosine is not a substrate for any of these enzymes. All of these proteins will deaminate adenine to produce hypoxanthine with k{sub cat}/K{sub m} values that exceed 10{sup 5} M{sup -1} s{sup -1}. These enzymes will also accept 6-chloropurine, 6-methoxypurine, N-6-methyladenine, and 2,6-diaminopurine as alternate substrates. X-ray structures of Pa0148 and AAur1117 have been determined and reveal nearly identical distorted ({beta}/{alpha}){sub 8} barrelsmore » with a single zinc ion that is characteristic of members of the amidohydrolase superfamily. Structures of Pa0148 with adenine, 6-chloropurine, and hypoxanthine were also determined, thereby permitting identification of the residues responsible for coordinating the substrate and product.« less
  • cis-Chlorobenzene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase (CDD) from Pseudomonas sp. strain P51, cloned into Escherichia coli DH5{alpha}(pTCB149) was able to oxidize cis-dihydrodihydroxy derivatives (cis-dihydrodiols) of dihydronaphthalene, indene, and four para-substituted toluenes to the corresponding catechols. During the incubation of a nonracemic mixture of cis-1,2-indandiol, only the (+)-cis-(1R,2S) enantiomer was oxidized; the (-)-cis-(S,2R) enantiomer remained unchanged, CDD oxidized both enantiomers of cis-1,2-dihydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene, but oxidation of the (+)-cis-(1S,2R) enantiomer was delayed until the (-)-cis-(1R,2S) enantiomer was completely depleted. When incubated with nonracemic mixtures of para-substituted cis-toluene dihydrodiols, CDD always oxidized the major enantiomer at a higher rate than the minor enantiomer. When incubated with racemicmore » 1-indanol, CDD enantioselectively transformed the (+)-(1S) enatiomer to 1-indanone. This stereoselective transformation shows that CDD also acted as an alcohol dehydrogenase. Additionally, CDD was able to oxidize (+)-cis-(1R,2S)-dihydroxy-1,2-dihydronaphthalene, (+)-cis-monochlorobiphenyl dihydrodiols, and (+)-cis-toluene dihydrodiol to the corresponding catechols.« less
  • 2,3-Dihydroxybiphenyl dioxygenase, involved in biphenyl and polychlorinated biphenyl degradation, was purified from cell extracts of polychlorinated biphenyl-degrading Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 and Pseudomonas aeruginas PAO1161 carrying the cloned bphC gene (encoding 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl dioxygenase). The purified enzyme contained ferrous iron as a prosthetic group. The specific activities decreased with the loss of ferrous iron from the enzyme, and the activity was restored by incubation with ferrous iron in the presence of cysteine. Addition of ferric iron caused the complete inactivation of the enzyme. The molecular weight was estimated to be 250,000. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed a single band with amore » molecular weight of 31,000, indicating that the enzyme consists of eight identical subunits. The enzyme was specific only for 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl with a K/sub m/ value of 87 ..mu..M. No significant activity was observed for 3,4-dihydroxybiphenyl, catechol, or 3-methyl- and 4-methylcatechol. The molecular weight, subunit structure, ferrous iron requirement, and NH/sub 2/-terminal sequence (starting with serine up to 12 residues) were the same between the two enzymes obtained from KF707 and PAO1161 (bphC).« less
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA4872 was identified by sequence analysis as a structurally and functionally novel member of the PEP mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily and therefore targeted for investigation. Substrate screens ruled out overlap with known catalytic functions of superfamily members. The crystal structure of PA4872 in complex with oxalate (a stable analogue of the shared family R-oxyanion carboxylate intermediate/transition state) and Mg{sup 2+} was determined at 1.9 {angstrom} resolution. As with other PEP mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily members, the protein assembles into a dimer of dimers with each subunit adopting an {alpha}/{beta} barrel fold and two subunits swapping their barrel's C-terminal {alpha}-helices. Mg2+more » and oxalate bind in the same manner as observed with other superfamily members. The active site gating loop, known to play a catalytic role in the PEP mutase and lyase branches of the superfamily, adopts an open conformation. The N{sup {epsilon}} of His235, an invariant residue in the PA4872 sequence family, is oriented toward a C(2) oxygen of oxalate analogous to the C(3) of a pyruvyl moiety. Deuterium exchange into {alpha}-oxocarboxylate-containing compounds was confirmed by {sup 1}H NMR spectroscopy. Having ruled out known activities, the involvement of a pyruvate enolate intermediate suggested a decarboxylase activity of an {alpha}-oxocarboxylate substrate. Enzymatic assays led to the discovery that PA4872 decarboxylates oxaloacetate (k{sub cat}) = 7500 s{sup -1} and K{sub m} = 2.2 mM) and 3-methyloxaloacetate (k{sub cat}) = 250 s{sup -1} and K{sub m} = 0.63 mM). Genome context of the fourteen sequence family members indicates that the enzyme is used by select group of Gram-negative bacteria to maintain cellular concentrations of bicarbonate and pyruvate; however the decarboxylation activity cannot be attributed to a pathway common to the various bacterial species.« less
  • The oxidized and reduced forms of a mutant of Pseudomonas aeruginosa azurin, in which the Cys112 has been replaced by an aspartate, have been studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. It is well established that the characteristic {approximately}600 nm absorption feature of blue copper proteins is due to the S(Cys112) 3p{pi} {r_arrow} Cu 3d{sub x{sup 2}{minus}y{sup 2}} charge-transfer transition. While other mutagenesis studies have involved the creation of an artificial blue copper site, the present work involves a mutant in which the native blue copper site has been destroyed, thus serving as a direct probe of the importance of the copper-thiolatemore » bond to the spectroscopy, active site structure, and electron-transfer function of azurin. Of particular interest is the dramatic decrease in electron-transfer rates, both electron self-exchange and intramolecular electron transfer to ruthenium-labeled sites, which is observed in the mutant. These changes may be a reflection of significant differences in electronic coupling into the protein matrix and/or in the reorganization energy. These effects can be probed by the use of Cu K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy, the results of which indicate both a decrease in the covalency of the active site and an expansion of {approximately}0.2 {angstrom} in the Cu coordination sphere trigonal plane upon reduction of the C112D mutant.« less