skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Pros and cons of solid state metering

Abstract

This paper addresses the problems and benefits of microprocessor based metering systems for electric power. The topics of the paper include historical aspects of power metering, mechanical meters, operating environments of power meters, reliability, cost, industry and customer acceptance, service life, and ease of adaptability to new rate structures.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. ABB Power T and D Co., Inc., Raleigh, NC (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
103778
Report Number(s):
CONF-950414-
TRN: IM9541%%217
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 57. annual American power conference, Chicago, IL (United States), 18-20 Apr 1995; Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of American Power Conference: Proceedings. Volume 57-II; PB: 914 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; POWER METERS; AUTOMATION; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; METERING; DATA PROCESSING; EVALUATION

Citation Formats

Via, R.B.. Pros and cons of solid state metering. United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
Via, R.B.. Pros and cons of solid state metering. United States.
Via, R.B.. 1995. "Pros and cons of solid state metering". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_103778,
title = {Pros and cons of solid state metering},
author = {Via, R.B.},
abstractNote = {This paper addresses the problems and benefits of microprocessor based metering systems for electric power. The topics of the paper include historical aspects of power metering, mechanical meters, operating environments of power meters, reliability, cost, industry and customer acceptance, service life, and ease of adaptability to new rate structures.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1995,
month =
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • The energy crisis of the 1970s has lead to a demand for increased regulation of the energy sector by certain governments for several reasons. Increased regulation is viewed as a means of assuring access to alternative energy sources for all people. This is the welfare argument. Regulation is also viewed as a means of rationalizing the system of energy delivery. This is the efficiency argument. Under this traditional view of regulation the prices and profits of the regulated energy industry are expected to be lower and the allocation of energy sources more efficient. However, this traditional view of alternative energymore » source regulation is not without flaw. Firms of the energy producing industry can use several methods to ''capture'' established regulatory agencies and ''force'' them to ''regulate'' the dissatisfaction of the general public rather than the behavior of the firms. As a result, regulatory agencies can formulate decisions that are approximate to what the regulated energy industry desires instead of what the public expects. This paper will apply the arguments of the capture theory and the theory of political-economy for regulatory agencies in the alternative energy sources sector. Further, it will analyze a firm's behavior under uncertainty about demand and cost conditions. These conditions make it difficult for regulatory agencies to force a monopoly to make competitive investment and output decisions. Finally, it will discuss some of the problems associated with cost-benefit analysis which is widely used by regulatory agencies in their decision-making process.« less
  • The design of cryogenic linacs is a challenging engineering task; however, significant improvements in accelerator performance are possible. Resistive power losses may be reduced by a factor of four or greater. Greater flexibility is possible in thermal management as a result of substantial increases in thermal conductivity for certain materials. Radio frequency structures may be an order of magnitude more stable in terms of frequency shifts due to thermal transients resulting from very small coefficients of thermal expansion at cryogenic temperatures. Significant engineering problems must be addressed, such as the design of effective rf contacts that will not be affectedmore » by thermal cycling and the design of cryogenic mechanisms and dynamic components, such as frequency tuners, that operate reliably at cryogenic operating temperatures. The areas of high-power sparking and multipactoring have not yet been experimentally addressed. Both Los Alamos, Grumman Aerospace Corporation, and Boeing Corporation have built or are building and testing cryogenic accelerator structures. This paper will review the advances made in cryogenic technology applied to radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and drift tube linac (DTL) structures and will discuss the advantages and engineering challenges that these linacs present.« less
  • There is a new magnetic alloy called Finemet which has very constant {mu}'{sub p}Qf up to {approximately} 2 kG and is very stable at high magnet flux density and temperature. It may be a good can-didate for high-gradient rf cavities. However, it has a rather low quality factor and is therefore very lossy. We compare the pros and cons of Finemet versus the common ferrite, when used in low-energy accelerating cavities, insertion for space-charge compensation, and barrier cavities.
  • In December 1993, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its final rule that sets for the details for requirements to sell reformulated gasoline (RFG) in certain ozone non-attainment areas. At the same time, EPA also issued a proposed rule to require that 30% of the oxygen required in RFG be based on a renewable oxygenate. Renewables include ethanol and its ether derivatives such as ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE). The RFG rule is a final rule, while the Renewable Oxygenate Requirement (ROR) rule is a proposed rule yet to be finalized and subject to revision. Included in this papermore » are brief reviews of Ashland petroleum Company`s ethanol usage, oxygenated fuel and reformulated gasoline blending economics, and some comments on the EPA proposed renewable oxygenate requirement.« less