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Title: Vortex Diode Analysis and Testing for Fluoride Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors

Abstract

Fluidic diodes are presently being considered for use in several fluoride salt-cooled high-temperature reactor designs. A fluidic diode is a passive device that acts as a leaky check valve. These devices are installed in emergency heat removal systems that are designed to passively remove reactor decay heat using natural circulation. The direct reactor auxiliary cooling system (DRACS) uses DRACS salt-to-salt heat exchangers (DHXs) that operate in a path parallel to the core flow. Because of this geometry, under normal operating conditions some flow bypasses the core and flows through the DHX. A flow diode, operating in reverse direction, is-used to minimize this flow when the primary coolant pumps are in operation, while allowing forward flow through the DHX under natural circulation conditions. The DRACSs reject the core decay heat to the environment under loss-of-flow accident conditions and as such are a reactor safety feature. Fluidic diodes have not previously been used in an operating reactor system, and therefore their characteristics must be quantified to ensure successful operation. This report parametrically examines multiple design parameters of a vortex-type fluidic diode to determine the size of diode needed to reject a particular amount of decay heat. Additional calculations were performed to sizemore » a scaled diode that could be tested in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Liquid Salt Flow Loop. These parametric studies have shown that a 152.4 mm diode could be used as a test article in that facility. A design for this diode is developed, and changes to the loop that will be necessary to test the diode are discussed. Initial testing of a scaled flow diode has been carried out in a water loop. The 150 mm diode design discussed above was modified to improve performance, and the final design tested was a 171.45 mm diameter vortex diode. The results of this testing indicate that diodicities of about 20 can be obtained for diodes of this size. Experimental results show similar trends as the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) results presented in this report; however, some differences exist that will need to be assessed in future studies. The results of this testing will be used to improve the diode design to be tested in the liquid salt loop system.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3]
  1. ORNL
  2. Texas A&M University, Kingsville
  3. University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1036568
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-2011/425
RC0405000; NERC008; TRN: US1201520
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; ACCIDENTS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; COOLANTS; COOLING SYSTEMS; DESIGN; FLUID MECHANICS; FLUORIDES; HEAT EXCHANGERS; LOSS OF FLOW; MOLTEN SALT COOLED REACTORS; NATURAL CONVECTION; ORNL; REACTOR SAFETY; REMOVAL; TESTING; Vortex Diode Fluoride fluidic salt-cooled high-temperature

Citation Formats

Yoder Jr, Graydon L, Elkassabgi, Yousri M., De Leon, Gerardo I., Fetterly, Caitlin N., Ramos, Jorge A., and Cunningham, Richard Burns. Vortex Diode Analysis and Testing for Fluoride Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.2172/1036568.
Yoder Jr, Graydon L, Elkassabgi, Yousri M., De Leon, Gerardo I., Fetterly, Caitlin N., Ramos, Jorge A., & Cunningham, Richard Burns. Vortex Diode Analysis and Testing for Fluoride Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors. United States. doi:10.2172/1036568.
Yoder Jr, Graydon L, Elkassabgi, Yousri M., De Leon, Gerardo I., Fetterly, Caitlin N., Ramos, Jorge A., and Cunningham, Richard Burns. Wed . "Vortex Diode Analysis and Testing for Fluoride Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors". United States. doi:10.2172/1036568. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1036568.
@article{osti_1036568,
title = {Vortex Diode Analysis and Testing for Fluoride Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors},
author = {Yoder Jr, Graydon L and Elkassabgi, Yousri M. and De Leon, Gerardo I. and Fetterly, Caitlin N. and Ramos, Jorge A. and Cunningham, Richard Burns},
abstractNote = {Fluidic diodes are presently being considered for use in several fluoride salt-cooled high-temperature reactor designs. A fluidic diode is a passive device that acts as a leaky check valve. These devices are installed in emergency heat removal systems that are designed to passively remove reactor decay heat using natural circulation. The direct reactor auxiliary cooling system (DRACS) uses DRACS salt-to-salt heat exchangers (DHXs) that operate in a path parallel to the core flow. Because of this geometry, under normal operating conditions some flow bypasses the core and flows through the DHX. A flow diode, operating in reverse direction, is-used to minimize this flow when the primary coolant pumps are in operation, while allowing forward flow through the DHX under natural circulation conditions. The DRACSs reject the core decay heat to the environment under loss-of-flow accident conditions and as such are a reactor safety feature. Fluidic diodes have not previously been used in an operating reactor system, and therefore their characteristics must be quantified to ensure successful operation. This report parametrically examines multiple design parameters of a vortex-type fluidic diode to determine the size of diode needed to reject a particular amount of decay heat. Additional calculations were performed to size a scaled diode that could be tested in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Liquid Salt Flow Loop. These parametric studies have shown that a 152.4 mm diode could be used as a test article in that facility. A design for this diode is developed, and changes to the loop that will be necessary to test the diode are discussed. Initial testing of a scaled flow diode has been carried out in a water loop. The 150 mm diode design discussed above was modified to improve performance, and the final design tested was a 171.45 mm diameter vortex diode. The results of this testing indicate that diodicities of about 20 can be obtained for diodes of this size. Experimental results show similar trends as the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) results presented in this report; however, some differences exist that will need to be assessed in future studies. The results of this testing will be used to improve the diode design to be tested in the liquid salt loop system.},
doi = {10.2172/1036568},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {2}
}

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