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Title: Reactor-Produced Medical Radionuclides

Abstract

The therapeutic use of radionuclides in nuclear medicine, oncology and cardiology is the most rapidly growing use of medical radionuclides. Since most therapeutic radionuclides are neutron rich and decay by beta emission, they are reactor-produced. This chapter deals mainly with production approaches with neutrons. Neutron interactions with matter, neutron transmission and activation rates, and neutron spectra of nuclear reactors are discussed in some detail. Further, a short discussion of the neutron-energy dependence of cross sections, reaction rates in thermal reactors, cross section measurements and flux monitoring, and general equations governing the reactor production of radionuclides are presented. Finally, the chapter is concluded by providing a number of examples encompassing the various possible reaction routes for production of a number of medical radionuclides in a reactor.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. ORNL
  2. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1033143
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; CROSS SECTIONS; ISOTOPE PRODUCTION; NEUTRON SPECTRA; NEUTRONS; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; RADIOISOTOPES; RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS; REACTION KINETICS; REACTORS; THERAPEUTIC USES; THERMAL REACTORS

Citation Formats

Mirzadeh, Saed, Mausner, Leonard, and Garland, Marc A. Reactor-Produced Medical Radionuclides. United States: N. p., 2011. Web.
Mirzadeh, Saed, Mausner, Leonard, & Garland, Marc A. Reactor-Produced Medical Radionuclides. United States.
Mirzadeh, Saed, Mausner, Leonard, and Garland, Marc A. Sat . "Reactor-Produced Medical Radionuclides". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_1033143,
title = {Reactor-Produced Medical Radionuclides},
author = {Mirzadeh, Saed and Mausner, Leonard and Garland, Marc A},
abstractNote = {The therapeutic use of radionuclides in nuclear medicine, oncology and cardiology is the most rapidly growing use of medical radionuclides. Since most therapeutic radionuclides are neutron rich and decay by beta emission, they are reactor-produced. This chapter deals mainly with production approaches with neutrons. Neutron interactions with matter, neutron transmission and activation rates, and neutron spectra of nuclear reactors are discussed in some detail. Further, a short discussion of the neutron-energy dependence of cross sections, reaction rates in thermal reactors, cross section measurements and flux monitoring, and general equations governing the reactor production of radionuclides are presented. Finally, the chapter is concluded by providing a number of examples encompassing the various possible reaction routes for production of a number of medical radionuclides in a reactor.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2011},
month = {Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2011}
}

Book:
Other availability
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