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Title: Material synthesis and hydrogen storage of palladium-rhodium alloy.

Abstract

Pd and Pd alloys are candidate material systems for Tr or H storage. We have actively engaged in material synthesis and studied the material science of hydrogen storage for Pd-Rh alloys. In collaboration with UC Davis, we successfully developed/optimized a supersonic gas atomization system, including its processing parameters, for Pd-Rh-based alloy powders. This optimized system and processing enable us to produce {le} 50-{mu}m powders with suitable metallurgical properties for H-storage R&D. In addition, we studied hydrogen absorption-desorption pressure-composition-temperature (PCT) behavior using these gas-atomized Pd-Rh alloy powders. The study shows that the pressure-composition-temperature (PCT) behavior of Pd-Rh alloys is strongly influenced by its metallurgy. The plateau pressure, slope, and H/metal capacity are highly dependent on alloy composition and its chemical distribution. For the gas-atomized Pd-10 wt% Rh, the absorption plateau pressure is relatively high and consistent. However, the absorption-desorption PCT exhibits a significant hysteresis loop that is not seen from the 30-nm nanopowders produced by chemical precipitation. In addition, we observed that the presence of hydrogen introduces strong lattice strain, plastic deformation, and dislocation networking that lead to material hardening, lattice distortions, and volume expansion. The above observations suggest that the H-induced dislocation networking is responsible for the hysteresis loop seenmore » in the current atomized Pd-10 wt% Rh powders. This conclusion is consistent with the hypothesis suggested by Flanagan and others (Ref 1) that plastic deformation or dislocations control the hysteresis loop.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]
  1. (University of California, Davis)
  2. (Whithworth University, Spokane, WA)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1030222
Report Number(s):
SAND2011-6383
TRN: US201201%%286
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; ABSORPTION; ALLOYS; ATOMIZATION; CAPACITY; DEFORMATION; DISLOCATIONS; DISTRIBUTION; HARDENING; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN STORAGE; HYPOTHESIS; HYSTERESIS; METALLURGY; PLASTICS; PRECIPITATION; PROCESSING; STORAGE; SYNTHESIS

Citation Formats

Lavernia, Enrique J., Yang, Nancy Y. C., and Ong, Markus D. Material synthesis and hydrogen storage of palladium-rhodium alloy.. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.2172/1030222.
Lavernia, Enrique J., Yang, Nancy Y. C., & Ong, Markus D. Material synthesis and hydrogen storage of palladium-rhodium alloy.. United States. doi:10.2172/1030222.
Lavernia, Enrique J., Yang, Nancy Y. C., and Ong, Markus D. Mon . "Material synthesis and hydrogen storage of palladium-rhodium alloy.". United States. doi:10.2172/1030222. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1030222.
@article{osti_1030222,
title = {Material synthesis and hydrogen storage of palladium-rhodium alloy.},
author = {Lavernia, Enrique J. and Yang, Nancy Y. C. and Ong, Markus D.},
abstractNote = {Pd and Pd alloys are candidate material systems for Tr or H storage. We have actively engaged in material synthesis and studied the material science of hydrogen storage for Pd-Rh alloys. In collaboration with UC Davis, we successfully developed/optimized a supersonic gas atomization system, including its processing parameters, for Pd-Rh-based alloy powders. This optimized system and processing enable us to produce {le} 50-{mu}m powders with suitable metallurgical properties for H-storage R&D. In addition, we studied hydrogen absorption-desorption pressure-composition-temperature (PCT) behavior using these gas-atomized Pd-Rh alloy powders. The study shows that the pressure-composition-temperature (PCT) behavior of Pd-Rh alloys is strongly influenced by its metallurgy. The plateau pressure, slope, and H/metal capacity are highly dependent on alloy composition and its chemical distribution. For the gas-atomized Pd-10 wt% Rh, the absorption plateau pressure is relatively high and consistent. However, the absorption-desorption PCT exhibits a significant hysteresis loop that is not seen from the 30-nm nanopowders produced by chemical precipitation. In addition, we observed that the presence of hydrogen introduces strong lattice strain, plastic deformation, and dislocation networking that lead to material hardening, lattice distortions, and volume expansion. The above observations suggest that the H-induced dislocation networking is responsible for the hysteresis loop seen in the current atomized Pd-10 wt% Rh powders. This conclusion is consistent with the hypothesis suggested by Flanagan and others (Ref 1) that plastic deformation or dislocations control the hysteresis loop.},
doi = {10.2172/1030222},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {8}
}

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