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Title: High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels Using Solar Thermochemical Splitting of Water

Abstract

The objective of this work is to identify economically feasible concepts for the production of hydrogen from water using solar energy. The ultimate project objective was to select one or more competitive concepts for pilot-scale demonstration using concentrated solar energy. Results of pilot scale plant performance would be used as foundation for seeking public and private resources for full-scale plant development and testing. Economical success in this venture would afford the public with a renewable and limitless source of energy carrier for use in electric power load-leveling and as a carbon-free transportation fuel. The Solar Hydrogen Generation Research (SHGR) project embraces technologies relevant to hydrogen research under the Office of Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technology (HFCIT) as well as concentrated solar power under the Office of Solar Energy Technologies (SET). Although the photoelectrochemical work is aligned with HFCIT, some of the technologies in this effort are also consistent with the skills and technologies found in concentrated solar power and photovoltaic technology under the Office of Solar Energy Technologies (SET). Hydrogen production by thermo-chemical water-splitting is a chemical process that accomplishes the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen using only heat or a combination of heat and electrolysis insteadmore » of pure electrolysis and meets the goals for hydrogen production using only water and renewable solar energy as feed-stocks. Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production also meets these goals by implementing photo-electrolysis at the surface of a semiconductor in contact with an electrolyte with bias provided by a photovoltaic source. Here, water splitting is a photo-electrolytic process in which hydrogen is produced using only solar photons and water as feed-stocks. The thermochemical hydrogen task engendered formal collaborations among two universities, three national laboratories and two private sector entities. The photoelectrochemical hydrogen task included formal collaborations with three universities and one national laboratory. The formal participants in these two tasks are listed above. Informal collaborations in both projects included one additional university (the University of Nevada, Reno) and two additional national laboratories (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory).« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
UNLV Research Foundation, Las Vegas, Nevada
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1025597
Report Number(s):
DOE/GO/13062/Final
81.087
DOE Contract Number:  
FG36-03GO13062
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; production of hydrogen from water using solar energy, Solar Hydrogen Generation Research, hydrogen production by thermo-chemical water-splitting, Sulfate Cycles, Cadmium Oxide, Zinc Oxide, Hybrid Copper Chloride, Heliostat, Solar Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production, Tungsten Oxide Materials, Copper Chalcopyrites, Silicon Carbide Materials, Iron Oxide Materials, Zinc Oxide Materials, WO3-Based Thin Films, ZnO-Based Thin Films, SiC-Based Thin Films, Fe2O3-Based Thin Films, In-Situ Studies

Citation Formats

Heske, Clemens, Moujaes, Samir, Weimer, Alan, Wong, Bunsen, Siegal, Nathan, McFarland, Eric, Miller, Eric, Lewis, Michele, Bingham, Carl, Roth, Kurth, Sabacky, Bruce, and Steinfeld, Aldo. High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels Using Solar Thermochemical Splitting of Water. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.2172/1025597.
Heske, Clemens, Moujaes, Samir, Weimer, Alan, Wong, Bunsen, Siegal, Nathan, McFarland, Eric, Miller, Eric, Lewis, Michele, Bingham, Carl, Roth, Kurth, Sabacky, Bruce, & Steinfeld, Aldo. High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels Using Solar Thermochemical Splitting of Water. United States. doi:10.2172/1025597.
Heske, Clemens, Moujaes, Samir, Weimer, Alan, Wong, Bunsen, Siegal, Nathan, McFarland, Eric, Miller, Eric, Lewis, Michele, Bingham, Carl, Roth, Kurth, Sabacky, Bruce, and Steinfeld, Aldo. Thu . "High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels Using Solar Thermochemical Splitting of Water". United States. doi:10.2172/1025597. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1025597.
@article{osti_1025597,
title = {High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels Using Solar Thermochemical Splitting of Water},
author = {Heske, Clemens and Moujaes, Samir and Weimer, Alan and Wong, Bunsen and Siegal, Nathan and McFarland, Eric and Miller, Eric and Lewis, Michele and Bingham, Carl and Roth, Kurth and Sabacky, Bruce and Steinfeld, Aldo},
abstractNote = {The objective of this work is to identify economically feasible concepts for the production of hydrogen from water using solar energy. The ultimate project objective was to select one or more competitive concepts for pilot-scale demonstration using concentrated solar energy. Results of pilot scale plant performance would be used as foundation for seeking public and private resources for full-scale plant development and testing. Economical success in this venture would afford the public with a renewable and limitless source of energy carrier for use in electric power load-leveling and as a carbon-free transportation fuel. The Solar Hydrogen Generation Research (SHGR) project embraces technologies relevant to hydrogen research under the Office of Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technology (HFCIT) as well as concentrated solar power under the Office of Solar Energy Technologies (SET). Although the photoelectrochemical work is aligned with HFCIT, some of the technologies in this effort are also consistent with the skills and technologies found in concentrated solar power and photovoltaic technology under the Office of Solar Energy Technologies (SET). Hydrogen production by thermo-chemical water-splitting is a chemical process that accomplishes the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen using only heat or a combination of heat and electrolysis instead of pure electrolysis and meets the goals for hydrogen production using only water and renewable solar energy as feed-stocks. Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production also meets these goals by implementing photo-electrolysis at the surface of a semiconductor in contact with an electrolyte with bias provided by a photovoltaic source. Here, water splitting is a photo-electrolytic process in which hydrogen is produced using only solar photons and water as feed-stocks. The thermochemical hydrogen task engendered formal collaborations among two universities, three national laboratories and two private sector entities. The photoelectrochemical hydrogen task included formal collaborations with three universities and one national laboratory. The formal participants in these two tasks are listed above. Informal collaborations in both projects included one additional university (the University of Nevada, Reno) and two additional national laboratories (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory).},
doi = {10.2172/1025597},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Sep 29 00:00:00 EDT 2011},
month = {Thu Sep 29 00:00:00 EDT 2011}
}

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