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Title: PLASMA WAKE EXCITATION BY LASERS OR PARTICLE BEAMS

Abstract

Plasma accelerators may be driven by the ponderomotive force of an intense laser or the space-charge force of a charged particle beam. Plasma wake excitation driven by lasers or particle beams is examined, and the implications of the different physical excitation mechanisms for accelerator design are discussed. Plasma-based accelerators have attracted considerable attention owing to the ultrahigh field gradients sustainable in a plasma wave, enabling compact accelerators. These relativistic plasma waves are excited by displacing electrons in a neutral plasma. Two basic mechanisms for excitation of plasma waves are actively being researched: (i) excitation by the nonlinear ponderomotive force (radiation pressure) of an intense laser or (ii) excitation by the space-charge force of a dense charged particle beam. There has been significant recent experimental success using lasers and particle beam drivers for plasma acceleration. In particular, for laser-plasma accelerators (LPAs), the demonstration at LBNL in 2006 of high-quality, 1 GeV electron beams produced in approximately 3 cm plasma using a 40 TW laser. In 2007, for beam-driven plasma accelerators, or plasma-wakefield accelerators (PWFAs), the energy doubling over a meter to 42 GeV of a fraction of beam electrons on the tail of an electron beam by the plasma wave excitedmore » by the head was demonstrated at SLAC. These experimental successes have resulted in further interest in the development of plasma-based acceleration as a basis for a linear collider, and preliminary collider designs using laser drivers and beam drivers are being developed. The different physical mechanisms of plasma wave excitation, as well as the typical characteristics of the drivers, have implications for accelerator design. In the following, we identify the similarities and differences between wave excitation by lasers and particle beams. The field structure of the plasma wave driven by lasers or particle beams is discussed, as well as the regimes of operation (linear and nonlinear wave). Limitations owing to driver emittance are also discussed.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Accelerator& Fusion Research Division
OSTI Identifier:
1023406
Report Number(s):
LBNL-4659E
TRN: US1104529
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Particle Accelerator Conference
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43; 70; ACCELERATION; ACCELERATORS; CHARGED PARTICLES; DESIGN; ELECTRON BEAMS; ELECTRONS; EXCITATION; LASERS; LINEAR COLLIDERS; METERS; PARTICLE BEAMS; PLASMA; PLASMA ACCELERATION; PLASMA GUNS; PLASMA WAVES; PONDEROMOTIVE FORCE; RELATIVISTIC PLASMA; SPACE CHARGE; STANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER

Citation Formats

Schroeder, Carl B, Esarey, Eric, Benedetti, Carlo, Toth, Csaba, Geddes, Cameron, and Leemans, Wim. PLASMA WAKE EXCITATION BY LASERS OR PARTICLE BEAMS. United States: N. p., 2011. Web.
Schroeder, Carl B, Esarey, Eric, Benedetti, Carlo, Toth, Csaba, Geddes, Cameron, & Leemans, Wim. PLASMA WAKE EXCITATION BY LASERS OR PARTICLE BEAMS. United States.
Schroeder, Carl B, Esarey, Eric, Benedetti, Carlo, Toth, Csaba, Geddes, Cameron, and Leemans, Wim. Fri . "PLASMA WAKE EXCITATION BY LASERS OR PARTICLE BEAMS". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1023406.
@article{osti_1023406,
title = {PLASMA WAKE EXCITATION BY LASERS OR PARTICLE BEAMS},
author = {Schroeder, Carl B and Esarey, Eric and Benedetti, Carlo and Toth, Csaba and Geddes, Cameron and Leemans, Wim},
abstractNote = {Plasma accelerators may be driven by the ponderomotive force of an intense laser or the space-charge force of a charged particle beam. Plasma wake excitation driven by lasers or particle beams is examined, and the implications of the different physical excitation mechanisms for accelerator design are discussed. Plasma-based accelerators have attracted considerable attention owing to the ultrahigh field gradients sustainable in a plasma wave, enabling compact accelerators. These relativistic plasma waves are excited by displacing electrons in a neutral plasma. Two basic mechanisms for excitation of plasma waves are actively being researched: (i) excitation by the nonlinear ponderomotive force (radiation pressure) of an intense laser or (ii) excitation by the space-charge force of a dense charged particle beam. There has been significant recent experimental success using lasers and particle beam drivers for plasma acceleration. In particular, for laser-plasma accelerators (LPAs), the demonstration at LBNL in 2006 of high-quality, 1 GeV electron beams produced in approximately 3 cm plasma using a 40 TW laser. In 2007, for beam-driven plasma accelerators, or plasma-wakefield accelerators (PWFAs), the energy doubling over a meter to 42 GeV of a fraction of beam electrons on the tail of an electron beam by the plasma wave excited by the head was demonstrated at SLAC. These experimental successes have resulted in further interest in the development of plasma-based acceleration as a basis for a linear collider, and preliminary collider designs using laser drivers and beam drivers are being developed. The different physical mechanisms of plasma wave excitation, as well as the typical characteristics of the drivers, have implications for accelerator design. In the following, we identify the similarities and differences between wave excitation by lasers and particle beams. The field structure of the plasma wave driven by lasers or particle beams is discussed, as well as the regimes of operation (linear and nonlinear wave). Limitations owing to driver emittance are also discussed.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {4}
}

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