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Title: Spatial Relationships of Sector-Specific Fossil-fuel CO2 Emissions in the United States

Abstract

Quantification of the spatial distribution of sector-specific fossil fuel CO2 emissions provides strategic information to public and private decision-makers on climate change mitigation options and can provide critical constraints to carbon budget studies being performed at the national to urban scales. This study analyzes the spatial distribution and spatial drivers of total and sectoral fossil fuel CO2 emissions at the state and county levels in the United States. The spatial patterns of absolute versus per capita fossil fuel CO2 emissions differ substantially and these differences are sector-specific. Area-based sources such as those in the residential and commercial sectors are driven by a combination of population and surface temperature with per capita emissions largest in the northern latitudes and continental interior. Emission sources associated with large individual manufacturing or electricity producing facilities are heterogeneously distributed in both absolute and per capita metrics. The relationship between surface temperature and sectoral emissions suggests that the increased electricity consumption due to space cooling requirements under a warmer climate may outweigh the savings generated by lessened space heating. Spatial cluster analysis of fossil fuel CO2 emissions confirms that counties with high (low) CO2 emissions tend to be clustered close to other counties with high (low)more » CO2 emissions and some of the spatial clustering extends to multi-state spatial domains. This is particularly true for the residential and transportation sectors, suggesting that emissions mitigation policy might best be approached from the regional or multi-state perspective. Our findings underscore the potential for geographically focused, sector-specific emissions mitigation strategies and the importance of accurate spatial distribution of emitting sources when combined with atmospheric monitoring via aircraft, satellite and in situ measurements. Keywords: Fossil-fuel; Carbon dioxide emissions; Sectoral; Spatial cluster; Emissions mitigation policy« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1021280
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-78884
Journal ID: ISSN 0886-6236; GBCYEP; KP1703030; TRN: US201116%%1163
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25:Article No. GB3002
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal ID: ISSN 0886-6236
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; AIR CONDITIONING; AIRCRAFT; CARBON; CARBON DIOXIDE; CLIMATIC CHANGE; CLIMATES; COMMERCIAL SECTOR; ELECTRICITY; FOSSIL FUELS; MANUFACTURING; METRICS; MITIGATION; MONITORING; SATELLITES; SPACE HEATING; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; TRANSPORTATION SECTOR

Citation Formats

Zhou, Yuyu, and Gurney, Kevin R. Spatial Relationships of Sector-Specific Fossil-fuel CO2 Emissions in the United States. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1029/2010GB003822.
Zhou, Yuyu, & Gurney, Kevin R. Spatial Relationships of Sector-Specific Fossil-fuel CO2 Emissions in the United States. United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GB003822
Zhou, Yuyu, and Gurney, Kevin R. 2011. "Spatial Relationships of Sector-Specific Fossil-fuel CO2 Emissions in the United States". United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GB003822.
@article{osti_1021280,
title = {Spatial Relationships of Sector-Specific Fossil-fuel CO2 Emissions in the United States},
author = {Zhou, Yuyu and Gurney, Kevin R},
abstractNote = {Quantification of the spatial distribution of sector-specific fossil fuel CO2 emissions provides strategic information to public and private decision-makers on climate change mitigation options and can provide critical constraints to carbon budget studies being performed at the national to urban scales. This study analyzes the spatial distribution and spatial drivers of total and sectoral fossil fuel CO2 emissions at the state and county levels in the United States. The spatial patterns of absolute versus per capita fossil fuel CO2 emissions differ substantially and these differences are sector-specific. Area-based sources such as those in the residential and commercial sectors are driven by a combination of population and surface temperature with per capita emissions largest in the northern latitudes and continental interior. Emission sources associated with large individual manufacturing or electricity producing facilities are heterogeneously distributed in both absolute and per capita metrics. The relationship between surface temperature and sectoral emissions suggests that the increased electricity consumption due to space cooling requirements under a warmer climate may outweigh the savings generated by lessened space heating. Spatial cluster analysis of fossil fuel CO2 emissions confirms that counties with high (low) CO2 emissions tend to be clustered close to other counties with high (low) CO2 emissions and some of the spatial clustering extends to multi-state spatial domains. This is particularly true for the residential and transportation sectors, suggesting that emissions mitigation policy might best be approached from the regional or multi-state perspective. Our findings underscore the potential for geographically focused, sector-specific emissions mitigation strategies and the importance of accurate spatial distribution of emitting sources when combined with atmospheric monitoring via aircraft, satellite and in situ measurements. Keywords: Fossil-fuel; Carbon dioxide emissions; Sectoral; Spatial cluster; Emissions mitigation policy},
doi = {10.1029/2010GB003822},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1021280}, journal = {Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25:Article No. GB3002},
issn = {0886-6236},
number = ,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {7}
}