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Title: High-performance computing and communications

Abstract

This presentation has two parts. The first part discusses the US High-Performance Computing and Communications program -- its goals, funding, process, revisions, and research in high-performance computing systems, advanced software technology, and basic research and human resources. The second part of the presentation covers specific work conducted under this program at Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne`s efforts focus on computational science research, software tool development, and evaluation of experimental computer architectures. In addition, the author describes collaborative activities at Argonne in high-performance computing, including an Argonne/IBM project to evaluate and test IBM`s newest parallel computers and the Scalable I/O Initiative being spearheaded by the Concurrent Supercomputing Consortium.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10192424
Report Number(s):
ANL/MCS/CP-81094; CONF-9311117-1
ON: DE94002215; TRN: 93:004501
DOE Contract Number:
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International symposium on highly-advanced computing,Sendai (Japan),9 Nov 1993; Other Information: PBD: [1993]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; SUPERCOMPUTERS; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; COMPUTER CODES; PARALLEL PROCESSING; ALGORITHMS; INTERAGENCY COOPERATION; US DOE; NASA; NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION; CRAY COMPUTERS; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; 990200; 290500; MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTERS; RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, DEMONSTRATION, AND COMMERCIALIZATION

Citation Formats

Stevens, R. High-performance computing and communications. United States: N. p., 1993. Web.
Stevens, R. High-performance computing and communications. United States.
Stevens, R. Mon . "High-performance computing and communications". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10192424.
@article{osti_10192424,
title = {High-performance computing and communications},
author = {Stevens, R.},
abstractNote = {This presentation has two parts. The first part discusses the US High-Performance Computing and Communications program -- its goals, funding, process, revisions, and research in high-performance computing systems, advanced software technology, and basic research and human resources. The second part of the presentation covers specific work conducted under this program at Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne`s efforts focus on computational science research, software tool development, and evaluation of experimental computer architectures. In addition, the author describes collaborative activities at Argonne in high-performance computing, including an Argonne/IBM project to evaluate and test IBM`s newest parallel computers and the Scalable I/O Initiative being spearheaded by the Concurrent Supercomputing Consortium.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Nov 01 00:00:00 EST 1993},
month = {Mon Nov 01 00:00:00 EST 1993}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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  • The Federal HPCC Program is a 10-agency billion dollar per year effort to accelerate the development of high performance computing and communications technologies and the diffusion of these technologies to improve U.S. competitiveness and the well-being of citizens. The panelists will describe accomplishments and plans in: (1) developing scalable computing systems and associated software that scales to sustained teraflops (trillions of floating point operations per second) performance; (2) developing gigabit (billions of bits) per second networking technologies; (3) broadening network connectivity to the research and education communities; (4) demonstrating prototype solutions to ``Grand Challenge`` applications; (5) developing ``National Challenge`` applicationsmore » in areas such as education and lifelong learning, health care, manufacturing processes and products, and public access to government information, as well as crisis and emergency management, electronic commerce, energy management, and environmental monitoring; (6) supporting research, training, and education in HPCC technologies and applications; (7) implementing outreach activities including open meetings, workshops, and conferences; and (8) disseminating information about accomplishments, plans, and funding opportunities, plans, and funding opportunities using mechanisms such as Mosaic/WWW servers.« less
  • Applications that use high-speed networks to connect geographically distributed supercomputers, databases, and scientific instruments may operate over open networks and access valuable resources. Hence, they can require mechanisms for ensuring integrity and confidentially of communications and for authenticating both users and resources. Security solutions developed for traditional client-server applications do not provide direct support for the program structures, programming tools, and performance requirements encountered in these applications. The authors address these requirements via a security-enhanced version of the Nexus communication library; which they use to provide secure versions of parallel libraries and languages, including the Message Passing Interface. These toolsmore » permit a fine degree of control over what, where, and when security mechanisms are applied. In particular, a single application can mix secure and nonsecure communication, allowing the programmer to make fine-grained security/performance tradeoffs. The authors present performance results that quantify the performance of their infrastructure.« less
  • The National Research Council's Panel on the Mathematical Sciences in High Performance Computing and Communication (HPCC) examines the elements of the Federal Government's HPCC Program and explicitly identifies the role of the mathematical sciences community in that effort. Furthermore, it identifies the role of mathematical sciences research in an illustrative subset of challenges of computational sciences. Recent contributions of mathematical sciences to HPCC includes hardware and software improvements, and a National Research and Education Network that will increase computer performance and communication by a thousandfold. For future success and development, it is crucial that ongoing research and development continue onmore » hardware, software, networks, and human resources. Among the challenges that need to be met are improvements in computational fluid dynamics, computational biology, dynamics of cardiac models, global changes, material science, geophysical modeling, machine vision, and human-machine communication. Finally, the report notes a number of specific areas where new mathematical sciences research is needed, including algorithms, dynamic graphics, pattern matching, and nonlinear modeling.« less
  • The report presents results of a Gas Research Institute workshop held to explore gas industry opportunities arising from advances in high-performance computing and communications (HPCC) and related technologies. The workshop teamed almost 30 GRI managers and HPCC experts from several research organizations. In addition to identified near-term applications of supercomputing and visualization, HPCC is found to have many potential future applications. Advances in artificial intelligence, advanced workstations, portable 'notebook' computers, personal digital assistants (handheld fax/phone/computer), high-speed networks, microprocessor-based actuators and sensors, and associated software will facilitate new ways of conducting business and performing research.
  • The goal of the Federal High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) Program is to accelerate significantly the commercial availability and utilization of the next generation of high performance computers and networks. Recent advances offer the potential for a thousand-fold improvement in useful computing capability and a hundred-fold improvement in available computer communications capability by 1996. These advances will come through improvements in hardware and software. Topics discussed in the report include the following: Program Goals and Overview--Needs and Benefits, Program Description, Goals, Strategy, and Program Execution Strategy; HPCC Program Components--High Performance Computing Systems, Advanced Software Technology and Algorithms, National Researchmore » and Education Network, and Basic Research and Human Resources; Program Development and Agency Budgets--Program Planning, Evaluation Criteria, Agency Budgets, Agency Program Descriptions; Grand Challenge and Supporting Technology Case Studies; Glossary.« less