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Title: Reference values for total blood volume and cardiac output in humans

Abstract

Much research has been devoted to measurement of total blood volume (TBV) and cardiac output (CO) in humans but not enough effort has been devoted to collection and reduction of results for the purpose of deriving typical or {open_quotes}reference{close_quotes} values. Identification of normal values for TBV and CO is needed not only for clinical evaluations but also for the development of biokinetic models for ultra-short-lived radionuclides used in nuclear medicine (Leggett and Williams 1989). The purpose of this report is to offer reference values for TBV and CO, along with estimates of the associated uncertainties that arise from intra- and inter-subject variation, errors in measurement techniques, and other sources. Reference values are derived for basal supine CO and TBV in reference adult humans, and differences associated with age, sex, body size, body position, exercise, and other circumstances are discussed.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Indiana Univ., South Bend, IN (United States). Division of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10186900
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-12814
ON: DE95000899; TRN: 94:009012
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Sep 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BLOOD CIRCULATION; CALIBRATION STANDARDS; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; REFERENCE MAN; STANDARDIZATION; 560101; 551000; 550600; DOSIMETRY AND MONITORING; PHYSIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS; MEDICINE

Citation Formats

Williams, L R. Reference values for total blood volume and cardiac output in humans. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.2172/10186900.
Williams, L R. Reference values for total blood volume and cardiac output in humans. United States. doi:10.2172/10186900.
Williams, L R. Thu . "Reference values for total blood volume and cardiac output in humans". United States. doi:10.2172/10186900. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10186900.
@article{osti_10186900,
title = {Reference values for total blood volume and cardiac output in humans},
author = {Williams, L R},
abstractNote = {Much research has been devoted to measurement of total blood volume (TBV) and cardiac output (CO) in humans but not enough effort has been devoted to collection and reduction of results for the purpose of deriving typical or {open_quotes}reference{close_quotes} values. Identification of normal values for TBV and CO is needed not only for clinical evaluations but also for the development of biokinetic models for ultra-short-lived radionuclides used in nuclear medicine (Leggett and Williams 1989). The purpose of this report is to offer reference values for TBV and CO, along with estimates of the associated uncertainties that arise from intra- and inter-subject variation, errors in measurement techniques, and other sources. Reference values are derived for basal supine CO and TBV in reference adult humans, and differences associated with age, sex, body size, body position, exercise, and other circumstances are discussed.},
doi = {10.2172/10186900},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {9}
}