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Title: Safety requirements, facility user needs, and reactor concepts for a new Broad Application Test Reactor

Abstract

This report describes the EG&G Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD) Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR) Project that was conducted in fiscal year 1991. The scope of this project was divided into three phases: a project process definition phase, a requirements development phase, and a preconceptual reactor design and evaluation phase. Multidisciplinary teams of experts conducted each phase. This report presents the need for a new test reactor, the project process definition, a set of current and projected regulatory compliance and safety requirements, a set of facility user needs for a broad range of projected testing missions, and descriptions of reactor concepts capable of meeting these requirements. This information can be applied to strategic planning to provide the Department of Energy with management options.

Authors:
 [1]; ; ;
  1. ed.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10185932
Report Number(s):
EGG-NRRT-10332
ON: DE93002039
DOE Contract Number:
AC07-76ID01570
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Jul 1992
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; TEST REACTORS; REACTOR SAFETY; REACTOR LICENSING; REGULATIONS; FUEL ASSEMBLIES; DESIGN; RISK ASSESSMENT; CONTAINMENT; REACTIVITY; STABILITY; ISOTOPE PRODUCTION; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; CONFIGURATION; NEUTRON SOURCES; 220900; 220600; 210700; RESEARCH, TEST, TRAINING, PRODUCTION, IRRADIATION, MATERIALS TESTING REACTORS; REGULATION AND LICENSING

Citation Formats

Ryskamp, J.M., Liebenthal, J.L., Denison, A.B., and Fletcher, C.D.. Safety requirements, facility user needs, and reactor concepts for a new Broad Application Test Reactor. United States: N. p., 1992. Web. doi:10.2172/10185932.
Ryskamp, J.M., Liebenthal, J.L., Denison, A.B., & Fletcher, C.D.. Safety requirements, facility user needs, and reactor concepts for a new Broad Application Test Reactor. United States. doi:10.2172/10185932.
Ryskamp, J.M., Liebenthal, J.L., Denison, A.B., and Fletcher, C.D.. Wed . "Safety requirements, facility user needs, and reactor concepts for a new Broad Application Test Reactor". United States. doi:10.2172/10185932. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10185932.
@article{osti_10185932,
title = {Safety requirements, facility user needs, and reactor concepts for a new Broad Application Test Reactor},
author = {Ryskamp, J.M. and Liebenthal, J.L. and Denison, A.B. and Fletcher, C.D.},
abstractNote = {This report describes the EG&G Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD) Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR) Project that was conducted in fiscal year 1991. The scope of this project was divided into three phases: a project process definition phase, a requirements development phase, and a preconceptual reactor design and evaluation phase. Multidisciplinary teams of experts conducted each phase. This report presents the need for a new test reactor, the project process definition, a set of current and projected regulatory compliance and safety requirements, a set of facility user needs for a broad range of projected testing missions, and descriptions of reactor concepts capable of meeting these requirements. This information can be applied to strategic planning to provide the Department of Energy with management options.},
doi = {10.2172/10185932},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 1992},
month = {Wed Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 1992}
}

Technical Report:

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  • This report describes the EG G Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD) Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR) Project that was conducted in fiscal year 1991. The scope of this project was divided into three phases: a project process definition phase, a requirements development phase, and a preconceptual reactor design and evaluation phase. Multidisciplinary teams of experts conducted each phase. This report presents the need for a new test reactor, the project process definition, a set of current and projected regulatory compliance and safety requirements, a set of facility user needs for a broad range of projected testing missions, andmore » descriptions of reactor concepts capable of meeting these requirements. This information can be applied to strategic planning to provide the Department of Energy with management options.« less
  • For a variety of reasons, including (a) the increasing demands of the 1990s regulatory environment, (b) limited existing test capactiy and capability to satisfy projected future testing missions, and (c) an expected increasing need for nuclear information to support development of advanced reactors, there is a need for requirements and preliminary concepts for a new broad-application test reactor (BATR). These requirements must include consideration not only for a broad range of projected testing missions but also for current and projected regulatory compliance and safety requirements. The requirements will form the basis for development and assessment of preconceptual reactor designs andmore » lead to the identification of key technologies to support the government's long-term strategic and programmatic planning. This paper outlines the need for a new BATR and suggests a few preliminary reactor concepts that can meet that need.« less
  • As a test of a water-conserving way of cooling thermal power plants, a large-scale test of dry/wet cooling using the ammonia phase-change system, designated the Advanced Concepts Test (ACT), is being constructed at Pacific Gas and Electric Company's Kern Station at Bakersfield. This report is a summary of the safety analyses and considerations that have been done for the facility. These show that the ACT facility is an industrially safe system, and that the safety precautions taken assure that no one will be injured during the course of the testing. The application of industrial codes, safety management, and operational andmore » emergency procedures is discussed.« less
  • This report describes progress made at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory during the first three quarters of Fiscal Year (FY) 1992 on the Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project to perform preliminary design studies on the Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR). This work builds on the FY-92 BATR studies, which identified anticipated mission and safety requirements for BATR and assessed a variety of reactor concepts for their potential capability to meet those requirements. The main accomplishment of the FY-92 BATR program is the development of baseline reactor configurations for the two conventional conceptual test reactors recommended in the FY-91 report.more » Much of the present report consists of descriptions and neutronics and thermohydraulics analyses of these baseline configurations. In addition, we considered reactor safety issues, compared the consequences of steam explosions for alternative conventional fuel types, explored a Molten Chloride Fast Reactor concept as an alternate BATR design, and examined strategies for the reduction of operating costs. Work planned for the last quarter of FY-92 is discussed, and recommendations for future work are also presented.« less
  • This report is about a new, safe, and operationally efficient DOE reactor of nuclear research and testing proposed for the early to mid- 21st Century. Dubbed the Broad-Application Test Reactor (BATR), the proposed facility incorporates a multiple-application, multiple-mission design to support DOE programs such as naval reactors and space power and propulsion, as well as research in medical, science, isotope, and electronics arenas. DOE research reactors are aging, and implementing major replacement projects requires long lead times. Primary design drivers include safety, low risk, minimum operation cost, mission flexibility, waste minimization, and long life. Scientists and engineers at the Idahomore » National Engineering Laboratory are evaluating possible fuel forms, structural materials, reactor geometries, coolants, and moderators.« less