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Title: Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, 1751-1991; and an estimate of their isotopic composition and latitudinal distribution

Abstract

This work briefly discusses four of the current research emphases at Oak Ridge National Laboratory regarding the emission of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) from fossil fuel consumption, natural gas flaring and cement manufacture. These emphases include: (1) updating the 1950 to present time series of CO{sub 2} emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, (2) extending this time series back to 1751, (3) gridding the data at 1{sup 0} by 1{sup 0} resolution, and (4) estimating the isotopic signature of these emissions. In 1991, global emissions of CO{sub 2} from fossil fuel and cement increased 1.5% over 1990 levels to 6188 {times} 10{sup 6} metric tonnes C. The Kuwaiti oil fires can account for all of the increase. Recently published energy data (Etemad et al., 1991) allow extension of the CO emissions time series back to 1751. Preliminary examination shows good agreement with two other, but shorter, energy time series. A latitudinal distribution of carbon emissions is being completed. A southward shift in the major mass of CO{sub 2} emissions is occurring from European-North American latitudes towards central-southeast Asian latitudes, reflecting the growth of population and industrialization at these lower latitudes. The carbon isotopic signature of these emissions hasmore » been re-examined. The emissions of the last two decades are approximately 1{per_thousand} lighter than previously reported (Tans, 1981). This lightening of the emissions signature is due to fossil fuel gases and liquids, including a revision of their {delta}{sup 13}C isotopic signature and an increased production rate.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Oak Ridge Inst. for Science and Education, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Oak Ridge Inst. for Science and Education, TN (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10185357
Report Number(s):
CONF-9307181-4
ON: DE95000488; TRN: 94:008873
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-84OR21400; AC05-76OR00033
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Snowmass Global Change Institute conference on the global carbon cycle,Snowmass, CO (United States),19-30 Jul 1993; Other Information: PBD: [1994]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CARBON DIOXIDE; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; GLOBAL ASPECTS; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; FOSSIL FUELS; COMBUSTION; NATURAL GAS; FLARING; CEMENTS; MANUFACTURING; CEMENT INDUSTRY; AIR POLLUTION; 540120; CHEMICALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Andres, R J, Marland, G, Boden, T, and Bischof, S. Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, 1751-1991; and an estimate of their isotopic composition and latitudinal distribution. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Andres, R J, Marland, G, Boden, T, & Bischof, S. Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, 1751-1991; and an estimate of their isotopic composition and latitudinal distribution. United States.
Andres, R J, Marland, G, Boden, T, and Bischof, S. Sat . "Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, 1751-1991; and an estimate of their isotopic composition and latitudinal distribution". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10185357.
@article{osti_10185357,
title = {Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, 1751-1991; and an estimate of their isotopic composition and latitudinal distribution},
author = {Andres, R J and Marland, G and Boden, T and Bischof, S},
abstractNote = {This work briefly discusses four of the current research emphases at Oak Ridge National Laboratory regarding the emission of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) from fossil fuel consumption, natural gas flaring and cement manufacture. These emphases include: (1) updating the 1950 to present time series of CO{sub 2} emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, (2) extending this time series back to 1751, (3) gridding the data at 1{sup 0} by 1{sup 0} resolution, and (4) estimating the isotopic signature of these emissions. In 1991, global emissions of CO{sub 2} from fossil fuel and cement increased 1.5% over 1990 levels to 6188 {times} 10{sup 6} metric tonnes C. The Kuwaiti oil fires can account for all of the increase. Recently published energy data (Etemad et al., 1991) allow extension of the CO emissions time series back to 1751. Preliminary examination shows good agreement with two other, but shorter, energy time series. A latitudinal distribution of carbon emissions is being completed. A southward shift in the major mass of CO{sub 2} emissions is occurring from European-North American latitudes towards central-southeast Asian latitudes, reflecting the growth of population and industrialization at these lower latitudes. The carbon isotopic signature of these emissions has been re-examined. The emissions of the last two decades are approximately 1{per_thousand} lighter than previously reported (Tans, 1981). This lightening of the emissions signature is due to fossil fuel gases and liquids, including a revision of their {delta}{sup 13}C isotopic signature and an increased production rate.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/10185357}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {10}
}

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