skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Broad-Application Test Reactor

Abstract

This report is about a new, safe, and operationally efficient DOE reactor of nuclear research and testing proposed for the early to mid- 21st Century. Dubbed the Broad-Application Test Reactor (BATR), the proposed facility incorporates a multiple-application, multiple-mission design to support DOE programs such as naval reactors and space power and propulsion, as well as research in medical, science, isotope, and electronics arenas. DOE research reactors are aging, and implementing major replacement projects requires long lead times. Primary design drivers include safety, low risk, minimum operation cost, mission flexibility, waste minimization, and long life. Scientists and engineers at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory are evaluating possible fuel forms, structural materials, reactor geometries, coolants, and moderators.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10163917
Report Number(s):
EGG-NE-10257
ON: DE92018042
DOE Contract Number:
AC07-76ID01570
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: May 1992
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; RESEARCH AND TEST REACTORS; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; REACTOR SAFETY; DESIGN; COST; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; 220600; RESEARCH, TEST, TRAINING, PRODUCTION, IRRADIATION, MATERIALS TESTING REACTORS

Citation Formats

Motloch, C.G.. Broad-Application Test Reactor. United States: N. p., 1992. Web. doi:10.2172/10163917.
Motloch, C.G.. Broad-Application Test Reactor. United States. doi:10.2172/10163917.
Motloch, C.G.. Fri . "Broad-Application Test Reactor". United States. doi:10.2172/10163917. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10163917.
@article{osti_10163917,
title = {Broad-Application Test Reactor},
author = {Motloch, C.G.},
abstractNote = {This report is about a new, safe, and operationally efficient DOE reactor of nuclear research and testing proposed for the early to mid- 21st Century. Dubbed the Broad-Application Test Reactor (BATR), the proposed facility incorporates a multiple-application, multiple-mission design to support DOE programs such as naval reactors and space power and propulsion, as well as research in medical, science, isotope, and electronics arenas. DOE research reactors are aging, and implementing major replacement projects requires long lead times. Primary design drivers include safety, low risk, minimum operation cost, mission flexibility, waste minimization, and long life. Scientists and engineers at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory are evaluating possible fuel forms, structural materials, reactor geometries, coolants, and moderators.},
doi = {10.2172/10163917},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri May 01 00:00:00 EDT 1992},
month = {Fri May 01 00:00:00 EDT 1992}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • This report describes the EG G Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD) Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR) Project that was conducted in fiscal year 1991. The scope of this project was divided into three phases: a project process definition phase, a requirements development phase, and a preconceptual reactor design and evaluation phase. Multidisciplinary teams of experts conducted each phase. This report presents the need for a new test reactor, the project process definition, a set of current and projected regulatory compliance and safety requirements, a set of facility user needs for a broad range of projected testing missions, andmore » descriptions of reactor concepts capable of meeting these requirements. This information can be applied to strategic planning to provide the Department of Energy with management options.« less
  • This report describes the EG&G Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD) Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR) Project that was conducted in fiscal year 1991. The scope of this project was divided into three phases: a project process definition phase, a requirements development phase, and a preconceptual reactor design and evaluation phase. Multidisciplinary teams of experts conducted each phase. This report presents the need for a new test reactor, the project process definition, a set of current and projected regulatory compliance and safety requirements, a set of facility user needs for a broad range of projected testing missions, and descriptionsmore » of reactor concepts capable of meeting these requirements. This information can be applied to strategic planning to provide the Department of Energy with management options.« less
  • This report describes progress made at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory during the first three quarters of Fiscal Year (FY) 1992 on the Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project to perform preliminary design studies on the Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR). This work builds on the FY-92 BATR studies, which identified anticipated mission and safety requirements for BATR and assessed a variety of reactor concepts for their potential capability to meet those requirements. The main accomplishment of the FY-92 BATR program is the development of baseline reactor configurations for the two conventional conceptual test reactors recommended in the FY-91 report.more » Much of the present report consists of descriptions and neutronics and thermohydraulics analyses of these baseline configurations. In addition, we considered reactor safety issues, compared the consequences of steam explosions for alternative conventional fuel types, explored a Molten Chloride Fast Reactor concept as an alternate BATR design, and examined strategies for the reduction of operating costs. Work planned for the last quarter of FY-92 is discussed, and recommendations for future work are also presented.« less
  • This report is about a new, safe, and operationally efficient DOE reactor of nuclear research and testing proposed for the early to mid- 21st Century. Dubbed the Broad-Application Test Reactor (BATR), the proposed facility incorporates a multiple-application, multiple-mission design to support DOE programs such as naval reactors and space power and propulsion, as well as research in medical, science, isotope, and electronics arenas. DOE research reactors are aging, and implementing major replacement projects requires long lead times. Primary design drivers include safety, low risk, minimum operation cost, mission flexibility, waste minimization, and long life. Scientists and engineers at the Idahomore » National Engineering Laboratory are evaluating possible fuel forms, structural materials, reactor geometries, coolants, and moderators.« less
  • A Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR) is needed to provide nuclear testing capacity and capability for future testing needs. The BATR concept is expected to consider a broad range of test applications. The present day costs of design and construction of new nuclear facilities demands that methods, processes, and requirements be critically reviewed and improved if these facilities are to be affordable in the future. The cost of major new projects in this country has been escalating faster than the rate of inflation. For example, the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), a reactor built at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL)more » in the early sixties, cost about $38M in 1960 dollars. Estimates to build that same reactor today range as high as $1B. Although somewhat different in mission, but in many respects comparable to theATR in function, size, and complexity, the Advanced Neutron Source (ANS) proposed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), is currently estimated to cost about $2B for design and construction. This report presents cost concerns, cost reduction ideas, and recommendations that were identified and developed by the Cost Reduction Study Team for consideration by the BATR Design Team.« less