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Title: Molecular Assemblies, Genes and Genomics Integrated Efficiently (MAGGIE)

Abstract

Final report on MAGGIE. We set ambitious goals to model the functions of individual organisms and their community from molecular to systems scale. These scientific goals are driving the development of sophisticated algorithms to analyze large amounts of experimental measurements made using high throughput technologies to explain and predict how the environment influences biological function at multiple scales and how the microbial systems in turn modify the environment. By experimentally evaluating predictions made using these models we will test the degree to which our quantitative multiscale understanding wilt help to rationally steer individual microbes and their communities towards specific tasks. Towards this end we have made substantial progress towards understanding evolution of gene families, transcriptional structures, detailed structures of keystone molecular assemblies (proteins and complexes), protein interactions, biological networks, microbial interactions, and community structure. Using comparative analysis we have tracked the evolutionary history of gene functions to understand how novel functions evolve. One level up, we have used proteomics data, high-resolution genome tiling microarrays, and 5' RNA sequencing to revise genome annotations, discover new genes including ncRNAs, and map dynamically changing operon structures of five model organisms: For Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough, Pyrococcus furiosis, Sulfolobus solfataricus, Methanococcus maripaludis and Haiobacterium salinarummore » NROL We have developed machine learning algorithms to accurately identify protein interactions at a near-zero false positive rate from noisy data generated using tagfess complex purification, TAP purification, and analysis of membrane complexes. Combining other genome-scale datasets produced by ENIGMA (in particular, microarray data) and available from literature we have been able to achieve a true positive rate as high as 65% at almost zero false positives when applied to the manually curated training set. Applying this method to the data representing around a quarter of the fraction space for water soluble proteins in D. vulgaris, we obtained 854 reliable pair wise interactions. Further, we have developed algorithms to analyze and assign significance to protein interaction data from bait pull-down experiments and integrate these data with other systems biology data through associative biclustering in a parallel computing environment. We will 'fill-in' missing information in these interaction data using a 'Transitive Closure' algorithm and subsequently use 'Between Commonality Decomposition' algorithm to discover complexes within these large graphs of protein interactions. To characterize the metabolic activities of proteins and their complexes we are developing algorithms to deconvolute pure mass spectra, estimate chemical formula for m/z values, and fit isotopic fine structure to metabolomics data. We have discovered that in comparison to isotopic pattern fitting methods restricting the chemical formula by these two dimensions actually facilitates unique solutions for chemical formula generators. To understand how microbial functions are regulated we have developed complementary algorithms for reconstructing gene regulatory networks (GRNs). Whereas the network inference algorithms cMonkey and Inferelator developed enable de novo reconstruction of predictive models for GRNs from diverse systems biology data, the RegPrecise and RegPredict framework developed uses evolutionary comparisons of genomes from closely related organisms to reconstruct conserved regulons. We have integrated the two complementary algorithms to rapidly generate comprehensive models for gene regulation of understudied organisms. Our preliminary analyses of these reconstructed GRNs have revealed novel regulatory mechanisms and cis-regulatory motifs, as well asothers that are conserved across species. Finally, we are supporting scientific efforts in ENIGMA with data management solutions and by integrating all of the algorithms, software and data into a Knowledgebase. For instance, we have developed the RegPrecise database (http://regprecise.lbl.gov) which represents manually curated sets of regulons laying the basis for automatic annotation of regulatory interactions in closely related species. We are also in the midst of scaling up MicrobesOnline to handle the growing volume of sequence and functional genomics data. Over the last year our efforts have been focused on providing support for additional genomic and functional genomic data types. Similarly, we have developed several visualization tools to help with the exploration of complex systems biology datasets. A case in point is the Gaggle Genome Browser (GGB), which was enhanced with visualizations for plotting peptide detections and protein-DNA binding alongside transcriptome structure, plus the ability to interactively filter by signal intensity or p-value.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Nitin Baliga(Institute for Systems Biology)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1014987
Report Number(s):
Final Report
TRN: US201211%%476
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER64327
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ALGORITHMS; BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS; BIOLOGY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DESULFOVIBRIO; ENVIRONMENT; FINE STRUCTURE; FUNCTIONALS; GENE REGULATION; GENES; LEARNING; MANAGEMENT; MASS SPECTRA; MEMBRANES; PEPTIDES; PROTEINS; PURIFICATION; RNA; TRAINING; Biological systems and envirornmental research

Citation Formats

Baliga, Nitin S. Molecular Assemblies, Genes and Genomics Integrated Efficiently (MAGGIE). United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.2172/1014987.
Baliga, Nitin S. Molecular Assemblies, Genes and Genomics Integrated Efficiently (MAGGIE). United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1014987
Baliga, Nitin S. Thu . "Molecular Assemblies, Genes and Genomics Integrated Efficiently (MAGGIE)". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1014987. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1014987.
@article{osti_1014987,
title = {Molecular Assemblies, Genes and Genomics Integrated Efficiently (MAGGIE)},
author = {Baliga, Nitin S},
abstractNote = {Final report on MAGGIE. We set ambitious goals to model the functions of individual organisms and their community from molecular to systems scale. These scientific goals are driving the development of sophisticated algorithms to analyze large amounts of experimental measurements made using high throughput technologies to explain and predict how the environment influences biological function at multiple scales and how the microbial systems in turn modify the environment. By experimentally evaluating predictions made using these models we will test the degree to which our quantitative multiscale understanding wilt help to rationally steer individual microbes and their communities towards specific tasks. Towards this end we have made substantial progress towards understanding evolution of gene families, transcriptional structures, detailed structures of keystone molecular assemblies (proteins and complexes), protein interactions, biological networks, microbial interactions, and community structure. Using comparative analysis we have tracked the evolutionary history of gene functions to understand how novel functions evolve. One level up, we have used proteomics data, high-resolution genome tiling microarrays, and 5' RNA sequencing to revise genome annotations, discover new genes including ncRNAs, and map dynamically changing operon structures of five model organisms: For Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough, Pyrococcus furiosis, Sulfolobus solfataricus, Methanococcus maripaludis and Haiobacterium salinarum NROL We have developed machine learning algorithms to accurately identify protein interactions at a near-zero false positive rate from noisy data generated using tagfess complex purification, TAP purification, and analysis of membrane complexes. Combining other genome-scale datasets produced by ENIGMA (in particular, microarray data) and available from literature we have been able to achieve a true positive rate as high as 65% at almost zero false positives when applied to the manually curated training set. Applying this method to the data representing around a quarter of the fraction space for water soluble proteins in D. vulgaris, we obtained 854 reliable pair wise interactions. Further, we have developed algorithms to analyze and assign significance to protein interaction data from bait pull-down experiments and integrate these data with other systems biology data through associative biclustering in a parallel computing environment. We will 'fill-in' missing information in these interaction data using a 'Transitive Closure' algorithm and subsequently use 'Between Commonality Decomposition' algorithm to discover complexes within these large graphs of protein interactions. To characterize the metabolic activities of proteins and their complexes we are developing algorithms to deconvolute pure mass spectra, estimate chemical formula for m/z values, and fit isotopic fine structure to metabolomics data. We have discovered that in comparison to isotopic pattern fitting methods restricting the chemical formula by these two dimensions actually facilitates unique solutions for chemical formula generators. To understand how microbial functions are regulated we have developed complementary algorithms for reconstructing gene regulatory networks (GRNs). Whereas the network inference algorithms cMonkey and Inferelator developed enable de novo reconstruction of predictive models for GRNs from diverse systems biology data, the RegPrecise and RegPredict framework developed uses evolutionary comparisons of genomes from closely related organisms to reconstruct conserved regulons. We have integrated the two complementary algorithms to rapidly generate comprehensive models for gene regulation of understudied organisms. Our preliminary analyses of these reconstructed GRNs have revealed novel regulatory mechanisms and cis-regulatory motifs, as well asothers that are conserved across species. Finally, we are supporting scientific efforts in ENIGMA with data management solutions and by integrating all of the algorithms, software and data into a Knowledgebase. For instance, we have developed the RegPrecise database (http://regprecise.lbl.gov) which represents manually curated sets of regulons laying the basis for automatic annotation of regulatory interactions in closely related species. We are also in the midst of scaling up MicrobesOnline to handle the growing volume of sequence and functional genomics data. Over the last year our efforts have been focused on providing support for additional genomic and functional genomic data types. Similarly, we have developed several visualization tools to help with the exploration of complex systems biology datasets. A case in point is the Gaggle Genome Browser (GGB), which was enhanced with visualizations for plotting peptide detections and protein-DNA binding alongside transcriptome structure, plus the ability to interactively filter by signal intensity or p-value.},
doi = {10.2172/1014987},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1014987}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {5}
}