skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Anisotropic superconductivity and vortex dynamics in magnetially coupled F/S and F/S/F hybrids.

Abstract

Magnetically coupled superconductor-ferromagnet hybrids offer advanced routes for nanoscale control of superconductivity. Magnetotransport characteristics and scanning tunneling microscopy images of vortex structures in superconductor-ferromagnet hybrids reveal rich superconducting phase diagrams. Focusing on a particular combination of a ferromagnet with a well-ordered periodic magnetic domain structure with alternating out-of-plane component of magnetization, and a small coherence length superconductor, we find directed nucleation of superconductivity above the domain wall boundaries. We show that near the superconductor-normal state phase boundary the superconductivity is localized in narrow mesoscopic channels. In order to explore the Abrikosov flux line ordering in F/S hybrids, we use a combination of scanning tunneling microscopy and Ginzburg-Landau simulations. The magnetic stripe domain structure induces periodic local magnetic induction in the superconductor, creating a series of pinning-anti-pinning channels for externally added magnetic flux quanta. Such laterally confined Abrikosov vortices form quasi-1D arrays (chains). The transitions between multichain states occur through propagation of kinks at the intermediate fields. At high fields we show that the system becomes nonlinear due to a change in both the number of vortices and the confining potential. In F/S/F hybrids we demonstrate the evolution of the anisotropic conductivity in the superconductor that is magnetically coupled with twomore » adjacent ferromagnetic layers. Stripe magnetic domain structures in both F-layers are aligned under each other, resulting in a directional superconducting order parameter in the superconducting layer. The conductance anisotropy strongly depends on the period of the magnetic domains and the strength of the local magnetization. The anisotropic conductivity of up to three orders of magnitude can be achieved with a spatial critical temperature modulation of 5% of T{sub c}. Induced anisotropic properties in the F/S and F/S/F hybrids have a potential for future application in switching and nonvolatile memory elements operating at low temperatures.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Materials Science Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1014815
Report Number(s):
ANL/MSD/CP-67444
TRN: US201111%%356
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Conference
Journal Name:
J. Superconduct. Novel Magn.
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 5 ; Jan. 2011; Conference: International Conference on Superconductivity and Magnetism 2010 (ICSM 2010); Apr. 25, 2010 - Apr. 30, 2010; Antalya, Turkey
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANISOTROPY; CHAINS; COHERENCE LENGTH; CRITICAL TEMPERATURE; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; FOCUSING; INDUCTION; MAGNETIC FLUX; MAGNETISM; MAGNETIZATION; MODULATION; NUCLEATION; ORDER PARAMETERS; PHASE DIAGRAMS; SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY; SUPERCONDUCTIVITY; SUPERCONDUCTORS; VORTICES

Citation Formats

Karapetrov, G, Belkin, A, Iavarone, M, Fedor, J, Novosad, V, Milosevic, M V, Peeters, F M, Illinois Inst. of Tech.), Temple Univ.), Slovak Academy of Sciences), and Univ. Antwerpen). Anisotropic superconductivity and vortex dynamics in magnetially coupled F/S and F/S/F hybrids.. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1007/s10948-010-0880-z.
Karapetrov, G, Belkin, A, Iavarone, M, Fedor, J, Novosad, V, Milosevic, M V, Peeters, F M, Illinois Inst. of Tech.), Temple Univ.), Slovak Academy of Sciences), & Univ. Antwerpen). Anisotropic superconductivity and vortex dynamics in magnetially coupled F/S and F/S/F hybrids.. United States. doi:10.1007/s10948-010-0880-z.
Karapetrov, G, Belkin, A, Iavarone, M, Fedor, J, Novosad, V, Milosevic, M V, Peeters, F M, Illinois Inst. of Tech.), Temple Univ.), Slovak Academy of Sciences), and Univ. Antwerpen). Sat . "Anisotropic superconductivity and vortex dynamics in magnetially coupled F/S and F/S/F hybrids.". United States. doi:10.1007/s10948-010-0880-z.
@article{osti_1014815,
title = {Anisotropic superconductivity and vortex dynamics in magnetially coupled F/S and F/S/F hybrids.},
author = {Karapetrov, G and Belkin, A and Iavarone, M and Fedor, J and Novosad, V and Milosevic, M V and Peeters, F M and Illinois Inst. of Tech.) and Temple Univ.) and Slovak Academy of Sciences) and Univ. Antwerpen)},
abstractNote = {Magnetically coupled superconductor-ferromagnet hybrids offer advanced routes for nanoscale control of superconductivity. Magnetotransport characteristics and scanning tunneling microscopy images of vortex structures in superconductor-ferromagnet hybrids reveal rich superconducting phase diagrams. Focusing on a particular combination of a ferromagnet with a well-ordered periodic magnetic domain structure with alternating out-of-plane component of magnetization, and a small coherence length superconductor, we find directed nucleation of superconductivity above the domain wall boundaries. We show that near the superconductor-normal state phase boundary the superconductivity is localized in narrow mesoscopic channels. In order to explore the Abrikosov flux line ordering in F/S hybrids, we use a combination of scanning tunneling microscopy and Ginzburg-Landau simulations. The magnetic stripe domain structure induces periodic local magnetic induction in the superconductor, creating a series of pinning-anti-pinning channels for externally added magnetic flux quanta. Such laterally confined Abrikosov vortices form quasi-1D arrays (chains). The transitions between multichain states occur through propagation of kinks at the intermediate fields. At high fields we show that the system becomes nonlinear due to a change in both the number of vortices and the confining potential. In F/S/F hybrids we demonstrate the evolution of the anisotropic conductivity in the superconductor that is magnetically coupled with two adjacent ferromagnetic layers. Stripe magnetic domain structures in both F-layers are aligned under each other, resulting in a directional superconducting order parameter in the superconducting layer. The conductance anisotropy strongly depends on the period of the magnetic domains and the strength of the local magnetization. The anisotropic conductivity of up to three orders of magnitude can be achieved with a spatial critical temperature modulation of 5% of T{sub c}. Induced anisotropic properties in the F/S and F/S/F hybrids have a potential for future application in switching and nonvolatile memory elements operating at low temperatures.},
doi = {10.1007/s10948-010-0880-z},
journal = {J. Superconduct. Novel Magn.},
number = 5 ; Jan. 2011,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share: