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Title: Impact of catalysis on the production of the top 50 US commodity chemicals

Abstract

Information on each chemical is stored in an accompanying Excel{trademark} 4.0 spreadsheet (``top5Ochem.xcl``). This analysis tool allows the user to make assumptions about process yield improvements and evaluate the corresponding impact on the process and feedstock energy. Many scenarios have been investigated and are reported in the text. If all of the catalytic processes associated with the top 50 chemicals were raised to their maximum process yields, the corresponding process and feedstock energy savings would exceed 0.47 quads per year. More realistic process yield improvements of 1%, 5%, and 10% where possible, would save 0.03, 0.14, and 0.23 quads per year. Many of the commodity chemicals face limitations from both the current catalyst and process. Catalysis is vital, but catalysis alone is not the answer to maximizing energy savings. Integration of catalysis development with process engineering research can lead to significant energy savings during the production of the top 50 chemicals.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10143459
Report Number(s):
PNL-9432
ON: DE94009876
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Mar 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; CHEMICAL FEEDSTOCKS; PRODUCTION; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; INORGANIC COMPOUNDS; CHEMICAL INDUSTRY; ENERGY CONSERVATION; CATALYSIS; CHEMICAL REACTION YIELD; 400201; 320303; CHEMICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES; EQUIPMENT AND PROCESSES

Citation Formats

Tonkovich, A.L.Y. Impact of catalysis on the production of the top 50 US commodity chemicals. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.2172/10143459.
Tonkovich, A.L.Y. Impact of catalysis on the production of the top 50 US commodity chemicals. United States. doi:10.2172/10143459.
Tonkovich, A.L.Y. Tue . "Impact of catalysis on the production of the top 50 US commodity chemicals". United States. doi:10.2172/10143459. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10143459.
@article{osti_10143459,
title = {Impact of catalysis on the production of the top 50 US commodity chemicals},
author = {Tonkovich, A.L.Y.},
abstractNote = {Information on each chemical is stored in an accompanying Excel{trademark} 4.0 spreadsheet (``top5Ochem.xcl``). This analysis tool allows the user to make assumptions about process yield improvements and evaluate the corresponding impact on the process and feedstock energy. Many scenarios have been investigated and are reported in the text. If all of the catalytic processes associated with the top 50 chemicals were raised to their maximum process yields, the corresponding process and feedstock energy savings would exceed 0.47 quads per year. More realistic process yield improvements of 1%, 5%, and 10% where possible, would save 0.03, 0.14, and 0.23 quads per year. Many of the commodity chemicals face limitations from both the current catalyst and process. Catalysis is vital, but catalysis alone is not the answer to maximizing energy savings. Integration of catalysis development with process engineering research can lead to significant energy savings during the production of the top 50 chemicals.},
doi = {10.2172/10143459},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {3}
}