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Title: Ecotoxicity literature review of selected Hanford Site contaminants

Abstract

Available information on the toxicity, food chain transport, and bioconcentration of several Hanford Site contaminants were reviewed. The contaminants included cesium-137, cobalt-60, europium, nitrate, plutonium, strontium-90, technetium, tritium, uranium, and chromium (III and VI). Toxicity and mobility in both aquatic and terrestrial systems were considered. For aquatic systems, considerable information was available on the chemical and/or radiological toxicity of most of the contaminants in invertebrate animals and fish. Little information was available on aquatic macrophyte response to the contaminants. Terrestrial animals such as waterfowl and amphibians that have high exposure potential in aquatic systems were also largely unrepresented in the toxicity literature. The preponderance of toxicity data for terrestrial biota was for laboratory mammals. Bioconcentration factors and transfer coefficients were obtained for primary producers and consumers in representative aquatic and terrestrial systems; however, little data were available for upper trophic level transfer, particularly for terrestrial predators. Food chain transport and toxicity information for the contaminants were generally lacking for desert or sage brush-steppe organisms, particularly plants and reptiles

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10136486
Report Number(s):
PNL-9394
ON: DE94009009
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Mar 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; FOOD CHAINS; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS; TOXICITY; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; HANFORD RESERVATION; CESIUM 137; COBALT 60; EUROPIUM; NITRATES; PLUTONIUM; STRONTIUM 90; TRITIUM; URANIUM; CHROMIUM; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; COMPILED DATA; 540220; 540230; 540330; 540320; CHEMICALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Driver, C.J. Ecotoxicity literature review of selected Hanford Site contaminants. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.2172/10136486.
Driver, C.J. Ecotoxicity literature review of selected Hanford Site contaminants. United States. doi:10.2172/10136486.
Driver, C.J. Tue . "Ecotoxicity literature review of selected Hanford Site contaminants". United States. doi:10.2172/10136486. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10136486.
@article{osti_10136486,
title = {Ecotoxicity literature review of selected Hanford Site contaminants},
author = {Driver, C.J.},
abstractNote = {Available information on the toxicity, food chain transport, and bioconcentration of several Hanford Site contaminants were reviewed. The contaminants included cesium-137, cobalt-60, europium, nitrate, plutonium, strontium-90, technetium, tritium, uranium, and chromium (III and VI). Toxicity and mobility in both aquatic and terrestrial systems were considered. For aquatic systems, considerable information was available on the chemical and/or radiological toxicity of most of the contaminants in invertebrate animals and fish. Little information was available on aquatic macrophyte response to the contaminants. Terrestrial animals such as waterfowl and amphibians that have high exposure potential in aquatic systems were also largely unrepresented in the toxicity literature. The preponderance of toxicity data for terrestrial biota was for laboratory mammals. Bioconcentration factors and transfer coefficients were obtained for primary producers and consumers in representative aquatic and terrestrial systems; however, little data were available for upper trophic level transfer, particularly for terrestrial predators. Food chain transport and toxicity information for the contaminants were generally lacking for desert or sage brush-steppe organisms, particularly plants and reptiles},
doi = {10.2172/10136486},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {3}
}