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Title: Plane Shock Generator Explosive Lens: PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel versus 4340 steel shock wave separators and LX-13 versus PBX-9501 explosive particle velocity-time profiles

Abstract

Sandia National Laboratories is currently involved in the optimization of a Plane Shock Generator Explosive Lens (PSGEL). This PSGEL component is designed to generate a planar shock wave transmitted to perform a function through a steel bulkhead without rupturing or destroying the integrity of the bulkhead. The PSGEL component consists of a detonator, explosive, brass cone and tamper housing. The purpose of the PSGEL component is to generate a plane shock wave input to 4340 steel bulkhead (wave separator) with a ferro-electric (PZT) ceramic disk attached to the steel on the surface opposite the PSGEL. The planar shock wave depolarizes the PZT 65/35 ferroelectric ceramic to produce an electrical output. Elastic, plastic I and plastic II waves with different velocities are generated in the steel bulkhead. The depolarization of the PZT ceramic is produced by the elastic wave of specific amplitude (10--20 Kilobars) and this process must be completed before (about 0. 15 microseconds) the first plastic wave arrives at the PZT ceramic. Measured particle velocity versus time profiles, using a Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector (VISAR) are presented for the brass and steel output free surfaces. Peak pressures are calculated from the particle velocities for the elastic, plasticmore » I and plastic 11 waves in the steel. The work presented here investigates replacing the current 4340 steel with PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel in order to have a more corrosion resistant, weldable and more compatible material for the multi-year life of the component. Therefore, the particle velocity versus time profile data are presented comparing the 4340 steel and PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel. Additionally, in order to reduce the amount of explosive, data are presented to show that LX-13 can replace PBX-9501 explosive to produce more desirable results.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10136158
Report Number(s):
SAND-92-2811
ON: DE93009616
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-76DP00789
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Feb 1993
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; STEELS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CHEMICAL EXPLOSIVES; TESTING; SHOCK WAVES; STAINLESS STEELS; DETONATORS; CERAMICS; VELOCITY; PZT; MATERIALS; MATERIAL SUBSTITUTION; 450100; 360100; CHEMICAL EXPLOSIONS AND EXPLOSIVES; METALS AND ALLOYS

Citation Formats

Vigil, M G. Plane Shock Generator Explosive Lens: PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel versus 4340 steel shock wave separators and LX-13 versus PBX-9501 explosive particle velocity-time profiles. United States: N. p., 1993. Web.
Vigil, M G. Plane Shock Generator Explosive Lens: PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel versus 4340 steel shock wave separators and LX-13 versus PBX-9501 explosive particle velocity-time profiles. United States.
Vigil, M G. Mon . "Plane Shock Generator Explosive Lens: PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel versus 4340 steel shock wave separators and LX-13 versus PBX-9501 explosive particle velocity-time profiles". United States.
@article{osti_10136158,
title = {Plane Shock Generator Explosive Lens: PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel versus 4340 steel shock wave separators and LX-13 versus PBX-9501 explosive particle velocity-time profiles},
author = {Vigil, M G},
abstractNote = {Sandia National Laboratories is currently involved in the optimization of a Plane Shock Generator Explosive Lens (PSGEL). This PSGEL component is designed to generate a planar shock wave transmitted to perform a function through a steel bulkhead without rupturing or destroying the integrity of the bulkhead. The PSGEL component consists of a detonator, explosive, brass cone and tamper housing. The purpose of the PSGEL component is to generate a plane shock wave input to 4340 steel bulkhead (wave separator) with a ferro-electric (PZT) ceramic disk attached to the steel on the surface opposite the PSGEL. The planar shock wave depolarizes the PZT 65/35 ferroelectric ceramic to produce an electrical output. Elastic, plastic I and plastic II waves with different velocities are generated in the steel bulkhead. The depolarization of the PZT ceramic is produced by the elastic wave of specific amplitude (10--20 Kilobars) and this process must be completed before (about 0. 15 microseconds) the first plastic wave arrives at the PZT ceramic. Measured particle velocity versus time profiles, using a Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector (VISAR) are presented for the brass and steel output free surfaces. Peak pressures are calculated from the particle velocities for the elastic, plastic I and plastic 11 waves in the steel. The work presented here investigates replacing the current 4340 steel with PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel in order to have a more corrosion resistant, weldable and more compatible material for the multi-year life of the component. Therefore, the particle velocity versus time profile data are presented comparing the 4340 steel and PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel. Additionally, in order to reduce the amount of explosive, data are presented to show that LX-13 can replace PBX-9501 explosive to produce more desirable results.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/10136158}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1993},
month = {2}
}

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