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Title: Evaluation of sulfur polymer cement as a waste form for the immobilization of low-level radioactive or mixed waste

Abstract

Sulfur polymer cement (SPC), also called modified sulphur cements, is a relatively new material in the waste immobilization field, although it was developed in the late seventies by the Bureau of Mines. The physical and chemical properties of SPC are interesting (e.g., development of high mechanical strength in a short time and high resistance to many corrosive environments). Because of its very low permeability and porosity, SPC is especially impervious to water, which, in turn, has led to its consideration for immobilization of hazardous or radioactive waste. Because it is a thermosetting process, the waste is encapsulated by the sulfur matrix; therefore, very little interaction occurs between the waste species and the sulfur (as there can be when waste prevents the set of portland cement-based waste forms).

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10135590
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-12657
ON: DE94008748; TRN: 94:011943
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Mar 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ORNL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE DISPOSAL; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; SOLIDIFICATION; ENCAPSULATION; CEMENTS; SULFUR; WASTE FORMS; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; TESTING; SOLIDS; LIQUIDS; SLUDGES; EVALUATION; 052000; 052002; 054000; 540000; WASTE DISPOSAL AND STORAGE; HEALTH AND SAFETY; ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Mattus, C.H., and Mattus, A.J. Evaluation of sulfur polymer cement as a waste form for the immobilization of low-level radioactive or mixed waste. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.2172/10135590.
Mattus, C.H., & Mattus, A.J. Evaluation of sulfur polymer cement as a waste form for the immobilization of low-level radioactive or mixed waste. United States. doi:10.2172/10135590.
Mattus, C.H., and Mattus, A.J. Tue . "Evaluation of sulfur polymer cement as a waste form for the immobilization of low-level radioactive or mixed waste". United States. doi:10.2172/10135590. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10135590.
@article{osti_10135590,
title = {Evaluation of sulfur polymer cement as a waste form for the immobilization of low-level radioactive or mixed waste},
author = {Mattus, C.H. and Mattus, A.J.},
abstractNote = {Sulfur polymer cement (SPC), also called modified sulphur cements, is a relatively new material in the waste immobilization field, although it was developed in the late seventies by the Bureau of Mines. The physical and chemical properties of SPC are interesting (e.g., development of high mechanical strength in a short time and high resistance to many corrosive environments). Because of its very low permeability and porosity, SPC is especially impervious to water, which, in turn, has led to its consideration for immobilization of hazardous or radioactive waste. Because it is a thermosetting process, the waste is encapsulated by the sulfur matrix; therefore, very little interaction occurs between the waste species and the sulfur (as there can be when waste prevents the set of portland cement-based waste forms).},
doi = {10.2172/10135590},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {3}
}