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Title: Mandated recycling rates: Impacts on energy consumption and municipal waste volume

Abstract

In 1992, Congress sought to rewrite its comprehensive solid waste legislation the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Commodity-specific recycling rates were proposed for consumer-goods packaging, materials and newsprint. In this paper, we compare the impacts on energy, materials use, and landfill volume of recycling at those rates to the impacts associated with alternative methods of disposition to determine, the optimal method for each material. Alternative paths for material disposition include reuse, recycling to the same product, recycling to a lower-valued product, combustion for energy recovery, incineration without energy recovery, and landfilling. The recovery rates considered during RCRA reauthorization are summarized. Combustion was specifically excluded by Congress to meet recovery goals. This exclusion is probably based on the idea that combustion is a form of disposal and therefore wastes resources and has negative environmental effects. Our paper does not make that assumption. A report by Gaines and Stodolsky, from which this paper is derived, offers a more complete discussion of energy and S impacts.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab., Washington, DC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10134188
Report Number(s):
ANL/ES/CP-82315; CONF-940384-1
ON: DE94008479
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Cincinnati `94: Air and Waste Management Association (AWMA) conference,Cincinnati, OH (United States),14-20 Mar 1994; Other Information: PBD: [1994]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; SOLID WASTES; RECYCLING; MUNICIPAL WASTES; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; PAPER; GLASS; PLASTICS; MATERIALS RECOVERY; ALUMINIUM; STEELS; LIFE-CYCLE COST; 320604; MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT

Citation Formats

Gaines, L.L., and Stodolsky, F.. Mandated recycling rates: Impacts on energy consumption and municipal waste volume. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Gaines, L.L., & Stodolsky, F.. Mandated recycling rates: Impacts on energy consumption and municipal waste volume. United States.
Gaines, L.L., and Stodolsky, F.. Tue . "Mandated recycling rates: Impacts on energy consumption and municipal waste volume". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10134188.
@article{osti_10134188,
title = {Mandated recycling rates: Impacts on energy consumption and municipal waste volume},
author = {Gaines, L.L. and Stodolsky, F.},
abstractNote = {In 1992, Congress sought to rewrite its comprehensive solid waste legislation the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Commodity-specific recycling rates were proposed for consumer-goods packaging, materials and newsprint. In this paper, we compare the impacts on energy, materials use, and landfill volume of recycling at those rates to the impacts associated with alternative methods of disposition to determine, the optimal method for each material. Alternative paths for material disposition include reuse, recycling to the same product, recycling to a lower-valued product, combustion for energy recovery, incineration without energy recovery, and landfilling. The recovery rates considered during RCRA reauthorization are summarized. Combustion was specifically excluded by Congress to meet recovery goals. This exclusion is probably based on the idea that combustion is a form of disposal and therefore wastes resources and has negative environmental effects. Our paper does not make that assumption. A report by Gaines and Stodolsky, from which this paper is derived, offers a more complete discussion of energy and S impacts.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

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