skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Approach and issues toward development of risk-based release standards for radioactive scrap metal recycle and reuse

Abstract

The decontamination and decommissioning of nuclear facilities is expected to generate large amounts of slightly radioactive scrap metal (RSM). It is likely that some of these materials will be suitable for recycling and reuse. The amount of scrap steel from DOE facilities, for instance, is estimated to be more than one million tons (Hertzler 1993). However, under current practice and without the establishment of acceptable recycling standards, the RSM would be disposed of primarily as radioactive low-level waste (LLW). In the United States, no specific standards have been developed for the unrestricted release of bulk contaminated materials. Although standards for unrestricted release of radioactive surface contamination (NRC 1974) have existed for about 20 years, the release of materials is not commonly practiced because of the lack of risk-based justifications. Recent guidance from international bodies (IAEA 1988) has established a basis for deriving risk-based release limits for radioactive materials. It is important, therefore, to evaluate the feasibility of recycling and associated issues necessary for the establishment of risk-based release limits for the radioactive metals.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10130940
Report Number(s):
ANL/EA/CP-82020; CONF-940406-3
ON: DE94007652; TRN: 94:011932
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International symposium on decontamination and decommissioning,Knoxville, TN (United States),27-29 Apr 1994; Other Information: PBD: [1994]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; DECONTAMINATION; DECOMMISSIONING; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; SCRAP; RECYCLING; METALS; STANDARDS; RISK ASSESSMENT; SAFETY ANALYSIS; ALARA; WASTE DISPOSAL; RADIATION DOSES; RELEASE LIMITS; 052000; 054000; WASTE MANAGEMENT; HEALTH AND SAFETY

Citation Formats

Chen, S.Y., Nieves, L.A., Nabelssi, B.K., and LePoire, D.J. Approach and issues toward development of risk-based release standards for radioactive scrap metal recycle and reuse. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Chen, S.Y., Nieves, L.A., Nabelssi, B.K., & LePoire, D.J. Approach and issues toward development of risk-based release standards for radioactive scrap metal recycle and reuse. United States.
Chen, S.Y., Nieves, L.A., Nabelssi, B.K., and LePoire, D.J. Tue . "Approach and issues toward development of risk-based release standards for radioactive scrap metal recycle and reuse". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10130940.
@article{osti_10130940,
title = {Approach and issues toward development of risk-based release standards for radioactive scrap metal recycle and reuse},
author = {Chen, S.Y. and Nieves, L.A. and Nabelssi, B.K. and LePoire, D.J.},
abstractNote = {The decontamination and decommissioning of nuclear facilities is expected to generate large amounts of slightly radioactive scrap metal (RSM). It is likely that some of these materials will be suitable for recycling and reuse. The amount of scrap steel from DOE facilities, for instance, is estimated to be more than one million tons (Hertzler 1993). However, under current practice and without the establishment of acceptable recycling standards, the RSM would be disposed of primarily as radioactive low-level waste (LLW). In the United States, no specific standards have been developed for the unrestricted release of bulk contaminated materials. Although standards for unrestricted release of radioactive surface contamination (NRC 1974) have existed for about 20 years, the release of materials is not commonly practiced because of the lack of risk-based justifications. Recent guidance from international bodies (IAEA 1988) has established a basis for deriving risk-based release limits for radioactive materials. It is important, therefore, to evaluate the feasibility of recycling and associated issues necessary for the establishment of risk-based release limits for the radioactive metals.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share: