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Title: Obtaining representative soil water samples with a hydraulically installed suction lysimeter

Abstract

The construction of wells for soil water sampling is expensive due to the high cost of drilling and may contribute to the possible spread of pollutants by cross contamination. In this study, a novel small diameter suction lysimeter with a porous ceramic section was designed and tested. The stainless steel ram-tipped lysimeter was constructed so that it could be installed into the ground using a hydraulic ram without the need of predrilling a bore hole. The operating range of the hydraulically-installed lysimeter was compared to that of a lysimeter installed using the standard silica slurry packing technique. The decrease in sample volume uptake due to plugging in the pores of the ceramic section was investigated for the lysimeters installed both hydraulically and with the silica slurry packing, in three types of soil: medium sand, silty clay, and a topsoil clay-sand blend. The operating range for the lysimeters was ascertained in a test chamber filled with a blend of topsoil clay and sand. An investigation of the effect of sampling on the concentration of solutes was performed with aqueous solutions of two hydrocarbon test compounds.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. Bladon International, Inc., Des Plaines, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10120493
Report Number(s):
CONF-911133-13
ON: DE93005393
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) annual meeting,Los Angeles, CA (United States),17-22 Nov 1991; Other Information: PBD: [1991]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; LYSIMETERS; TESTING; SOILS; SAMPLING; GROUND WATER; CLAYS; SAND; CAPILLARY FLOW; HYDRAULICS; 030800; 440800; ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS; MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Chaimberg, M, Carty, R H, and Scroppo, J A. Obtaining representative soil water samples with a hydraulically installed suction lysimeter. United States: N. p., 1991. Web.
Chaimberg, M, Carty, R H, & Scroppo, J A. Obtaining representative soil water samples with a hydraulically installed suction lysimeter. United States.
Chaimberg, M, Carty, R H, and Scroppo, J A. Tue . "Obtaining representative soil water samples with a hydraulically installed suction lysimeter". United States.
@article{osti_10120493,
title = {Obtaining representative soil water samples with a hydraulically installed suction lysimeter},
author = {Chaimberg, M and Carty, R H and Scroppo, J A},
abstractNote = {The construction of wells for soil water sampling is expensive due to the high cost of drilling and may contribute to the possible spread of pollutants by cross contamination. In this study, a novel small diameter suction lysimeter with a porous ceramic section was designed and tested. The stainless steel ram-tipped lysimeter was constructed so that it could be installed into the ground using a hydraulic ram without the need of predrilling a bore hole. The operating range of the hydraulically-installed lysimeter was compared to that of a lysimeter installed using the standard silica slurry packing technique. The decrease in sample volume uptake due to plugging in the pores of the ceramic section was investigated for the lysimeters installed both hydraulically and with the silica slurry packing, in three types of soil: medium sand, silty clay, and a topsoil clay-sand blend. The operating range for the lysimeters was ascertained in a test chamber filled with a blend of topsoil clay and sand. An investigation of the effect of sampling on the concentration of solutes was performed with aqueous solutions of two hydrocarbon test compounds.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/10120493}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1991},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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