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Title: Commercial milk distribution profiles and production locations. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

Abstract

The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project was established to estimate radiation doses that people could have received from nuclear operations at the Hanford Site since 1944. For this period iodine-131 is the most important offsite contributor to radiation doses from Hanford operations. Consumption of milk from cows that ate vegetation contaminated by iodine-131 is the dominant radiation pathway for individuals who drank milk. Information has been developed on commercial milk cow locations and commercial milk distribution during 1945 and 1951. The year 1945 was selected because during 1945 the largest amount of iodine-131 was released from Hanford facilities in a calendar year; therefore, 1945 was the year in which an individual was likely to have received the highest dose. The year 1951 was selected to provide data for comparing the changes that occurred in commercial milk flows (i.e., sources, processing locations, and market areas) between World War II and the post-war period. To estimate the doses people could have received from this milk flow, it is necessary to estimate the amount of milk people consumed, the source of the milk, the specific feeding regime used for milk cows, and the amount of iodine-131 contamination deposited on feed.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10111489
Report Number(s):
PNWD-2218-HEDR-Draft
ON: DE94004756; CNN: Contract 200-92-0503(CDC)/18620(BNW)
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Dec 1993
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; HANFORD RESERVATION; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; MILK; CONTAMINATION; HUMAN POPULATIONS; RADIATION DOSES; IODINE 131; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; FOOD CHAINS; 053002; 540250; 540230; SITE RESOURCE AND USE STUDIES; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Deonigi, D.E., Anderson, D.M., and Wilfert, G.L. Commercial milk distribution profiles and production locations. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. United States: N. p., 1993. Web.
Deonigi, D.E., Anderson, D.M., & Wilfert, G.L. Commercial milk distribution profiles and production locations. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. United States.
Deonigi, D.E., Anderson, D.M., and Wilfert, G.L. Wed . "Commercial milk distribution profiles and production locations. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project". United States.
@article{osti_10111489,
title = {Commercial milk distribution profiles and production locations. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project},
author = {Deonigi, D.E. and Anderson, D.M. and Wilfert, G.L.},
abstractNote = {The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project was established to estimate radiation doses that people could have received from nuclear operations at the Hanford Site since 1944. For this period iodine-131 is the most important offsite contributor to radiation doses from Hanford operations. Consumption of milk from cows that ate vegetation contaminated by iodine-131 is the dominant radiation pathway for individuals who drank milk. Information has been developed on commercial milk cow locations and commercial milk distribution during 1945 and 1951. The year 1945 was selected because during 1945 the largest amount of iodine-131 was released from Hanford facilities in a calendar year; therefore, 1945 was the year in which an individual was likely to have received the highest dose. The year 1951 was selected to provide data for comparing the changes that occurred in commercial milk flows (i.e., sources, processing locations, and market areas) between World War II and the post-war period. To estimate the doses people could have received from this milk flow, it is necessary to estimate the amount of milk people consumed, the source of the milk, the specific feeding regime used for milk cows, and the amount of iodine-131 contamination deposited on feed.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1993},
month = {Wed Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1993}
}

Technical Report:
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