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Title: NREL airfoil families for HAWTs

Abstract

The development of special-purpose airfoils for horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWTs) began in 1984 as a joint effort between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), and Airfoils, Incorporated. Since that time seven airfoil families have been designed for various size rotors using the Eppler Airfoil Design and Analysis Code. A general performance requirement of the new airfoil families is that they exhibit a maximum lift coefficient (c{sub l,max}) which is relatively insensitive to roughness effects. The airfoil families address the needs of stall-regulated, variable-pitch, and variable-rpm wind turbines. For stall-regulated rotors, better peak-power control is achieved through the design of tip airfoils that restrain the maximum lift coefficient. Restrained maximum lift coefficient allows the use of more swept disc area for a given generator size. Also, for stall-regulated rotors, tip airfoils with high thickness are used to accommodate overspeed control devices. For variable-pitch and variable-rpm rotors, tip airfoils having a high maximum lift coefficient lend themselves to lightweight blades with low solidity. Tip airfoils having low thickness result in less drag for blades having full-span pitch control. Annual energy improvements from the NREL airfoil families are projected to be 23% to 35% for stall-regulatedmore » turbines, 8% to 20% for variable-pitch turbines, and 8% to 10% for variable-rpm turbines. The improvement for stall-regulated turbines has been verified in field tests.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Airfoils Inc., State College, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10106095
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-442-7109
ON: DE95000267; BR: WM1020000; TRN: AHC29503%%97
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-83CH10093
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Jan 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; HORIZONTAL AXIS TURBINES; AIRFOILS; WIND POWER PLANTS; WIND POWER; DRAG; EFFICIENCY; HORIZONTAL AXIS WIND TURBINE; AIRFOIL; LEADING EDGE ROUGHNESS; 170602; TURBINE DESIGN AND OPERATION

Citation Formats

Tangler, J L, and Somers, D M. NREL airfoil families for HAWTs. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.2172/10106095.
Tangler, J L, & Somers, D M. NREL airfoil families for HAWTs. United States. doi:10.2172/10106095.
Tangler, J L, and Somers, D M. Sun . "NREL airfoil families for HAWTs". United States. doi:10.2172/10106095. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10106095.
@article{osti_10106095,
title = {NREL airfoil families for HAWTs},
author = {Tangler, J L and Somers, D M},
abstractNote = {The development of special-purpose airfoils for horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWTs) began in 1984 as a joint effort between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), and Airfoils, Incorporated. Since that time seven airfoil families have been designed for various size rotors using the Eppler Airfoil Design and Analysis Code. A general performance requirement of the new airfoil families is that they exhibit a maximum lift coefficient (c{sub l,max}) which is relatively insensitive to roughness effects. The airfoil families address the needs of stall-regulated, variable-pitch, and variable-rpm wind turbines. For stall-regulated rotors, better peak-power control is achieved through the design of tip airfoils that restrain the maximum lift coefficient. Restrained maximum lift coefficient allows the use of more swept disc area for a given generator size. Also, for stall-regulated rotors, tip airfoils with high thickness are used to accommodate overspeed control devices. For variable-pitch and variable-rpm rotors, tip airfoils having a high maximum lift coefficient lend themselves to lightweight blades with low solidity. Tip airfoils having low thickness result in less drag for blades having full-span pitch control. Annual energy improvements from the NREL airfoil families are projected to be 23% to 35% for stall-regulated turbines, 8% to 20% for variable-pitch turbines, and 8% to 10% for variable-rpm turbines. The improvement for stall-regulated turbines has been verified in field tests.},
doi = {10.2172/10106095},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1995},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1995}
}

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