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Title: Polycrystalline thin film materials and devices. Annual subcontract report, 16 January 1990--15 January 1991

Abstract

Results and conclusion of Phase I of a multi-year research program on polycrystalline thin film solar cells are presented. The research comprised investigation of the relationships among processing, materials properties and device performance of both CuInSe{sub 2} and CdTe solar cells. The kinetics of the formation of CuInSe{sub 2} by selenization with hydrogen selenide was investigated and a CuInSe{sub 2}/CdS solar cell was fabricated. An alternative process involving the reaction of deposited copper-indium-selenium layers was used to obtain single phase CuInSe{sub 2} films and a cell efficiency of 7%. Detailed investigations of the open circuit voltage of CuInSe{sub 2} solar cells showed that a simple Shockley-Read-Hall recombination mechanism can not account for the limitations in open circuit voltage. Examination of the influence of CuInSe{sub 2} thickness on cell performance indicated that the back contact behavior has a significant effect when the CuInSe{sub 2} is less than 1 micron thick. CdTe/CdS solar cells with efficiencies approaching 10% can be repeatedly fabricated using physical vapor deposition and serial post deposition processing. The absence of moisture during post deposition was found to be critical. Improvements in short circuit current of CdTe solar cells to levels approaching 25 mA/cm{sup 2} are achievable by makingmore » the CdS window layer thinner. Further reductions in the CdS window layer thickness are presently limited by interdiffusion between the CdS and the CdTe. CdTe/CdS cells stored without protection from the atmosphere were found to degrade. The degradation was attributed to the metal contact. CdTe cells with ZnTe:Cu contacts to the CdTe were found to be more stable than cells with metal contacts. Analysis of current-voltage and spectral response of CdTe/CdS cells indicates the cell operates as a p-n heterojunction with the diode current dominated by SRH recombination in the junction region of the CdTe.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Delaware Univ., Newark, DE (United States). Inst. of Energy Conversion
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Delaware Univ., Newark, DE (United States). Inst. of Energy Conversion
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10106021
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-214-4502
ON: DE92001171
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-83CH10093
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Nov 1991
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; COPPER SELENIDE SOLAR CELLS; FABRICATION; PERFORMANCE TESTING; INDIUM SELENIDE SOLAR CELLS; CADMIUM TELLURIDE SOLAR CELLS; PROGRESS REPORT; THIN FILMS; HEAT TREATMENTS; LAYERS; EFFICIENCY; DEPOSITION; MICROSTRUCTURE; 140501; PHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERSION

Citation Formats

Baron, B N, Birkmire, R W, Phillips, J E, Shafarman, W N, Hegedus, S S, and McCandless, B E. Polycrystalline thin film materials and devices. Annual subcontract report, 16 January 1990--15 January 1991. United States: N. p., 1991. Web. doi:10.2172/10106021.
Baron, B N, Birkmire, R W, Phillips, J E, Shafarman, W N, Hegedus, S S, & McCandless, B E. Polycrystalline thin film materials and devices. Annual subcontract report, 16 January 1990--15 January 1991. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/10106021
Baron, B N, Birkmire, R W, Phillips, J E, Shafarman, W N, Hegedus, S S, and McCandless, B E. Fri . "Polycrystalline thin film materials and devices. Annual subcontract report, 16 January 1990--15 January 1991". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/10106021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10106021.
@article{osti_10106021,
title = {Polycrystalline thin film materials and devices. Annual subcontract report, 16 January 1990--15 January 1991},
author = {Baron, B N and Birkmire, R W and Phillips, J E and Shafarman, W N and Hegedus, S S and McCandless, B E},
abstractNote = {Results and conclusion of Phase I of a multi-year research program on polycrystalline thin film solar cells are presented. The research comprised investigation of the relationships among processing, materials properties and device performance of both CuInSe{sub 2} and CdTe solar cells. The kinetics of the formation of CuInSe{sub 2} by selenization with hydrogen selenide was investigated and a CuInSe{sub 2}/CdS solar cell was fabricated. An alternative process involving the reaction of deposited copper-indium-selenium layers was used to obtain single phase CuInSe{sub 2} films and a cell efficiency of 7%. Detailed investigations of the open circuit voltage of CuInSe{sub 2} solar cells showed that a simple Shockley-Read-Hall recombination mechanism can not account for the limitations in open circuit voltage. Examination of the influence of CuInSe{sub 2} thickness on cell performance indicated that the back contact behavior has a significant effect when the CuInSe{sub 2} is less than 1 micron thick. CdTe/CdS solar cells with efficiencies approaching 10% can be repeatedly fabricated using physical vapor deposition and serial post deposition processing. The absence of moisture during post deposition was found to be critical. Improvements in short circuit current of CdTe solar cells to levels approaching 25 mA/cm{sup 2} are achievable by making the CdS window layer thinner. Further reductions in the CdS window layer thickness are presently limited by interdiffusion between the CdS and the CdTe. CdTe/CdS cells stored without protection from the atmosphere were found to degrade. The degradation was attributed to the metal contact. CdTe cells with ZnTe:Cu contacts to the CdTe were found to be more stable than cells with metal contacts. Analysis of current-voltage and spectral response of CdTe/CdS cells indicates the cell operates as a p-n heterojunction with the diode current dominated by SRH recombination in the junction region of the CdTe.},
doi = {10.2172/10106021},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/10106021}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1991},
month = {11}
}