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Title: Development of the town data base: Estimates of exposure rates and times of fallout arrival near the Nevada Test Site

Abstract

As part of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Off-Site Radiation Exposure Review Project, the time of fallout arrival and the H+12 exposure rate were estimated for populated locations in Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah that were affected by fallout from one or more nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site. Estimates of exposure rate were derived from measured values recorded before and after each test by fallout monitors in the field. The estimate for a given location was obtained by retrieving from a data base all measurements made in the vicinity, decay-correcting them to H+12, and calculating an average. Estimates were also derived from maps produced after most events that show isopleths of exposure rate and time of fallout arrival. Both sets of isopleths on these maps were digitized, and kriging was used to interpolate values at the nodes of a 10-km grid covering the pattern. The values at any location within the grid were then estimated from the values at the surrounding grid nodes. Estimates of dispersion (standard deviation) were also calculated. The Town Data Base contains the estimates for all combinations of location and nuclear event for which the estimated mean H+12 exposure rate was greater than threemore » times background. A listing of the data base is included as an appendix. The information was used by other project task groups to estimate the radiation dose that off-site populations and individuals may have received as a result of exposure to fallout from Nevada nuclear tests.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. and Community College System of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
  2. Mead Johnson Nutritional Group, Evansville, IN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States). Desert Research Inst.
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10105954
Report Number(s):
DOE/NV-374
ON: DE95004398; TRN: 95:000657
DOE Contract Number:
AC08-85NV10384; AC08-90NV10845
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Sep 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; HUMAN POPULATIONS; DOSE RATES; PUBLIC HEALTH; COMPILED DATA; INFORMATION SYSTEMS; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; FALLOUT; RADIATION DOSES; ARIZONA; CALIFORNIA; KRIGING; NEVADA; NEVADA TEST SITE; UTAH; RADIATION MONITORING; 560101; 540130; 450200; DOSIMETRY AND MONITORING; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS AND EXPLOSIVES

Citation Formats

Thompson, C.B., McArthur, R.D., and Hutchinson, S.W.. Development of the town data base: Estimates of exposure rates and times of fallout arrival near the Nevada Test Site. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.2172/10105954.
Thompson, C.B., McArthur, R.D., & Hutchinson, S.W.. Development of the town data base: Estimates of exposure rates and times of fallout arrival near the Nevada Test Site. United States. doi:10.2172/10105954.
Thompson, C.B., McArthur, R.D., and Hutchinson, S.W.. Thu . "Development of the town data base: Estimates of exposure rates and times of fallout arrival near the Nevada Test Site". United States. doi:10.2172/10105954. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10105954.
@article{osti_10105954,
title = {Development of the town data base: Estimates of exposure rates and times of fallout arrival near the Nevada Test Site},
author = {Thompson, C.B. and McArthur, R.D. and Hutchinson, S.W.},
abstractNote = {As part of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Off-Site Radiation Exposure Review Project, the time of fallout arrival and the H+12 exposure rate were estimated for populated locations in Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah that were affected by fallout from one or more nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site. Estimates of exposure rate were derived from measured values recorded before and after each test by fallout monitors in the field. The estimate for a given location was obtained by retrieving from a data base all measurements made in the vicinity, decay-correcting them to H+12, and calculating an average. Estimates were also derived from maps produced after most events that show isopleths of exposure rate and time of fallout arrival. Both sets of isopleths on these maps were digitized, and kriging was used to interpolate values at the nodes of a 10-km grid covering the pattern. The values at any location within the grid were then estimated from the values at the surrounding grid nodes. Estimates of dispersion (standard deviation) were also calculated. The Town Data Base contains the estimates for all combinations of location and nuclear event for which the estimated mean H+12 exposure rate was greater than three times background. A listing of the data base is included as an appendix. The information was used by other project task groups to estimate the radiation dose that off-site populations and individuals may have received as a result of exposure to fallout from Nevada nuclear tests.},
doi = {10.2172/10105954},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 1994},
month = {Thu Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 1994}
}

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