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Title: Radioactive contamination of the Arctic Region, Baltic Sea, and the Sea of Japan from activities in the former Soviet Union

Abstract

Contamination of the Arctic regions of northern Europe and Russia, as well as the Sea of Japan, may become a potential major hazard to the ecosystem of these large areas. Widespread poor radioactive waste management practices from nuclear fuel cycle activities in the former Soviet Union have resulted in direct discharges to this area as well as multiple sources that may continue to release additional radioactivity. Information on the discharges of radioactive materials has become more commonplace in the last year, and a clearer picture is emerging of the scale of the contamination. Radioactivity in the Arctic oceans is now reported to be four times higher than would be derived from fallout from weapons tests. Although the characteristics and extent of the contamination are not well known, it has been stated that the contamination in the Arctic may range from 1 to 3.5 billion curies. As yet, no scientific sampling or measurement program has occurred that can verify the amount or extent of the contamination, or its potential impact on the ecosystem.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10102627
Report Number(s):
PNL-8292
ON: DE93002320
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Sep 1992
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; ARCTIC OCEAN; CONTAMINATION; USSR; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; EMISSION; BALTIC SEA; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; NUCLEAR SHIPS; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE FACILITIES; JAPAN; MAPS; 540350; 052002; 540330; SITE RESOURCE AND USE STUDIES; WASTE DISPOSAL AND STORAGE; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Bradley, D J. Radioactive contamination of the Arctic Region, Baltic Sea, and the Sea of Japan from activities in the former Soviet Union. United States: N. p., 1992. Web. doi:10.2172/10102627.
Bradley, D J. Radioactive contamination of the Arctic Region, Baltic Sea, and the Sea of Japan from activities in the former Soviet Union. United States. doi:10.2172/10102627.
Bradley, D J. Tue . "Radioactive contamination of the Arctic Region, Baltic Sea, and the Sea of Japan from activities in the former Soviet Union". United States. doi:10.2172/10102627. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10102627.
@article{osti_10102627,
title = {Radioactive contamination of the Arctic Region, Baltic Sea, and the Sea of Japan from activities in the former Soviet Union},
author = {Bradley, D J},
abstractNote = {Contamination of the Arctic regions of northern Europe and Russia, as well as the Sea of Japan, may become a potential major hazard to the ecosystem of these large areas. Widespread poor radioactive waste management practices from nuclear fuel cycle activities in the former Soviet Union have resulted in direct discharges to this area as well as multiple sources that may continue to release additional radioactivity. Information on the discharges of radioactive materials has become more commonplace in the last year, and a clearer picture is emerging of the scale of the contamination. Radioactivity in the Arctic oceans is now reported to be four times higher than would be derived from fallout from weapons tests. Although the characteristics and extent of the contamination are not well known, it has been stated that the contamination in the Arctic may range from 1 to 3.5 billion curies. As yet, no scientific sampling or measurement program has occurred that can verify the amount or extent of the contamination, or its potential impact on the ecosystem.},
doi = {10.2172/10102627},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1992},
month = {9}
}