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Title: Caribbean Shallow-water Black Corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia)

Abstract

Our aim is to provide a complete key and guide to the species of black corals from the Caribbean reefs at depths shallower than about 100 m. The key to the species is mostly based on colonial features that are recognized in the field, although some closely related species can only be differentiated by microscopic skeletal features. Each species is illustrated with one or more photos showing the size and shape of the colony; many photos were taken in the natural environment to facilitate underwater identification. Additionally, a short description is provided of each species and their microscopic diagnostic characters are illustrated with the aid of the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Fifteen black coral species are found in relatively shallow-water in the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and other parts of the tropical western Atlantic; these belong to the families Myriopathidae [Tanacetipathes hirta (Gray), T. tanacetum (Pourtales), T. barbadensis (Brook), T. thamnea (Warner), and Plumapathes pennacea (Pallas)]; Antipathidae [Antipathes lenta Pourtales, A. rubusifonnis Warner and Opresko, A. furcata Gray, A. umbratica Opresko, A. atlantica Gray, A. gracilis Gray, A. caribbeana Opresko, Stichopathes lutkeni Brook, and S. accidentalis (Gray)]; and Aphanipathidae [Rhipidipathes colombiana (Opresko and Sinchez)]. We hope that this guide willmore » facilitate research on black corals on Caribbean reefs, where population surveys are urgently needed to evaluate or modify conservation policies.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. ORNL
  2. Universidad de los Andes
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1003558
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Caribbean Journal of Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 41
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CNIDARIA; CORALS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPES; GULF OF MEXICO; REEFS; SHAPE; CARIBBEAN SEA; Black corals; Antipatharia; Coral reef; Tanacetipathes; Antipathes; Stichopathes; Rhipidipathes; Plumapathes

Citation Formats

Opresko, Dennis M, and Sanchez, Juan Armando. Caribbean Shallow-water Black Corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia). United States: N. p., 2005. Web.
Opresko, Dennis M, & Sanchez, Juan Armando. Caribbean Shallow-water Black Corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia). United States.
Opresko, Dennis M, and Sanchez, Juan Armando. Sat . "Caribbean Shallow-water Black Corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia)". United States.
@article{osti_1003558,
title = {Caribbean Shallow-water Black Corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia)},
author = {Opresko, Dennis M and Sanchez, Juan Armando},
abstractNote = {Our aim is to provide a complete key and guide to the species of black corals from the Caribbean reefs at depths shallower than about 100 m. The key to the species is mostly based on colonial features that are recognized in the field, although some closely related species can only be differentiated by microscopic skeletal features. Each species is illustrated with one or more photos showing the size and shape of the colony; many photos were taken in the natural environment to facilitate underwater identification. Additionally, a short description is provided of each species and their microscopic diagnostic characters are illustrated with the aid of the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Fifteen black coral species are found in relatively shallow-water in the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and other parts of the tropical western Atlantic; these belong to the families Myriopathidae [Tanacetipathes hirta (Gray), T. tanacetum (Pourtales), T. barbadensis (Brook), T. thamnea (Warner), and Plumapathes pennacea (Pallas)]; Antipathidae [Antipathes lenta Pourtales, A. rubusifonnis Warner and Opresko, A. furcata Gray, A. umbratica Opresko, A. atlantica Gray, A. gracilis Gray, A. caribbeana Opresko, Stichopathes lutkeni Brook, and S. accidentalis (Gray)]; and Aphanipathidae [Rhipidipathes colombiana (Opresko and Sinchez)]. We hope that this guide will facilitate research on black corals on Caribbean reefs, where population surveys are urgently needed to evaluate or modify conservation policies.},
doi = {},
journal = {Caribbean Journal of Science},
number = ,
volume = 41,
place = {United States},
year = {2005},
month = {1}
}