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Title: Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of synthesis, characterization and property measurements techniques important for making understanding the nature of zero valent iron nanoparticles. The chemical reactivity of nanometer-sized materials can be quite different from that of either bulk forms of a material or the individual atoms and molecules that comprise it. Advances in our ability to synthesize, visualize, characterize and model these materials have created new opportunities to control the rates and products of chemical reactions in ways not previously possible. Zero valent iron (ZVI), including non-nanoparticle forms for iron, is one of the most promising remediation technologies for the removal of mobile chlorinated hydrocarbons and reducible inorganic anions for ground water. ZVI nanoparticles may have great potential to assist environmental remediation, but there are significant scientific and technological questions that remain to be answered. Understanding of ZVI reactive metal core-shell nanoparticles requires use of particles that are as well characterized and understood as possible. In this chapter we describe the issues and provide examples that include synthesis of nanoparticles, analytical characterization of the particles and finally measurements of their chemical properties.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1002201
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-48350
2573a; KC0303020; TRN: US201102%%542
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Sorbents and Sensors, 49-86
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; IRON; NANOSTRUCTURES; CHEMICAL ACTIVATION; CHEMICAL PROPERTIES; GROUND WATER; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; REMOVAL; SYNTHESIS; REMEDIAL ACTION; Nanoparticles; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

Citation Formats

Baer, Donald R., Tratnyek, P. G., Qiang, You, Amonette, James E., Linehan, John C., Sarathy, Vaishnavi, Nurmi, J. T., Wang, Chong M., and Antony, Jiji. Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Baer, Donald R., Tratnyek, P. G., Qiang, You, Amonette, James E., Linehan, John C., Sarathy, Vaishnavi, Nurmi, J. T., Wang, Chong M., & Antony, Jiji. Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles. United States.
Baer, Donald R., Tratnyek, P. G., Qiang, You, Amonette, James E., Linehan, John C., Sarathy, Vaishnavi, Nurmi, J. T., Wang, Chong M., and Antony, Jiji. Wed . "Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_1002201,
title = {Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles},
author = {Baer, Donald R. and Tratnyek, P. G. and Qiang, You and Amonette, James E. and Linehan, John C. and Sarathy, Vaishnavi and Nurmi, J. T. and Wang, Chong M. and Antony, Jiji},
abstractNote = {This chapter provides an overview of synthesis, characterization and property measurements techniques important for making understanding the nature of zero valent iron nanoparticles. The chemical reactivity of nanometer-sized materials can be quite different from that of either bulk forms of a material or the individual atoms and molecules that comprise it. Advances in our ability to synthesize, visualize, characterize and model these materials have created new opportunities to control the rates and products of chemical reactions in ways not previously possible. Zero valent iron (ZVI), including non-nanoparticle forms for iron, is one of the most promising remediation technologies for the removal of mobile chlorinated hydrocarbons and reducible inorganic anions for ground water. ZVI nanoparticles may have great potential to assist environmental remediation, but there are significant scientific and technological questions that remain to be answered. Understanding of ZVI reactive metal core-shell nanoparticles requires use of particles that are as well characterized and understood as possible. In this chapter we describe the issues and provide examples that include synthesis of nanoparticles, analytical characterization of the particles and finally measurements of their chemical properties.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Apr 04 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Wed Apr 04 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

Book:
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