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Title: Automated Commissioning for Lower-Cost, Widely Deployed Building Commissioning of the Future

Abstract

This book chapter takes a brief look at the benefits of building commissioning and describes a vision of the future where most of the objectives of commissioning will be accomplished automatically by capabilities built into the building systems.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1001568
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-50746
TRN: US201102%%40
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Web Based Enterprise Energy and Building Automation Systems, 143-156
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; COMMISSIONING; BUILDINGS; AUTOMATION; FORECASTING

Citation Formats

Brambley, Michael R., and Katipamula, Srinivas. Automated Commissioning for Lower-Cost, Widely Deployed Building Commissioning of the Future. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Brambley, Michael R., & Katipamula, Srinivas. Automated Commissioning for Lower-Cost, Widely Deployed Building Commissioning of the Future. United States.
Brambley, Michael R., and Katipamula, Srinivas. Wed . "Automated Commissioning for Lower-Cost, Widely Deployed Building Commissioning of the Future". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_1001568,
title = {Automated Commissioning for Lower-Cost, Widely Deployed Building Commissioning of the Future},
author = {Brambley, Michael R. and Katipamula, Srinivas},
abstractNote = {This book chapter takes a brief look at the benefits of building commissioning and describes a vision of the future where most of the objectives of commissioning will be accomplished automatically by capabilities built into the building systems.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 31 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Wed Jan 31 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Book:
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  • This chapter takes a brief look at the benefits of commissioning and describes a vision of the future where most of the objectives of commissioning will be accomplished automatically by capabilities built into the building systems themselves. Commissioning will become an activity that is performed continuously rather than periodically, and only repairs requiring replacement or overhaul of equipment will require manual intervention. This chapter then identifies some of the technologies that will be needed to realize this vision and ends with a call for all involved in the enterprise of building commissioning and automation to embrace and dedicate themselves tomore » a future of automated commissioning.« less
  • Utility companies and building owners are discovering that formalized commissioning procedures are a cost-effective way to ensure the proper performance of new and existing energy systems in commercial buildings. Commissioning typically entails thorough documentation of the designer`s intent, multistage performance testing and verification, and documentation of proper operations and maintenance procedures. Without such procedures, many of the energy efficiency measures installed in commercial buildings through utility DSM [Demand Side Management] programs fail to perform as intended because of improper design, installation, or operation. Field studies indicate that in many commercial buildings, the savings available from making existing equipment run asmore » it was intended to is as large as that from comprehensive lighting retrofit measures. And the problems are as likely to relate to disconnected thermostats and broken economizers as to malfunctions of complex energy management systems. In just the last few years, more than a dozen North American utility companies have launched commissioning programs. Because these programs are so new, however, evidence is just now beginning to emerge that may answer questions about where commissioning is cost-effective, what program approaches are most successful, and what the utility`s long-term role in building commissioning should be.« less
  • Houses built by Pulte Homes as part of DOE's Building America program in Las Vegas, Nevada, save money for the homeowners by reducing electric air conditioning costs and gas heating costs with little or no additional investment. And, the houses have better indoor air quality than typical new construction.
  • Houses built by Pulte Homes as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program in Tucson, Arizona, save money for the home owners by reducing electric air-conditioning costs and gas-heating costs with little or no additional investment.
  • Real-time pricing (RTP) of electric power is a significant innovation towards improved economic efficiency in electric rate design. Real-time pricing is an hourly based kWh rate that reflects the time varying cost of generating and transmitting electricity. Demand charges are typically very small under RTP rate structures. These rates are typically forecasted a day in advance by utilities, but can be forecasted in as little as -an hour ahead. Most utilities electronically transmit the 24 hour sets of forecasted electric prices to customers by the afternoon of the preceding day they take effect. Other utilities supply their customers with anmore » already defined set of prices that are triggered by external conditions. By providing customers with an hourly based day ahead electric price, the optimal energy purchase decision can be made. This in turn, provides customers with the opportunity to reduce electricity costs by minimizing their consumption during those hours when the real-time prices are the highest. The objective of this paper is to detail the development and implementation of an automated energy control system which enables commercial customers to respond to RTP with limited human intervention. We will discuss the following: (1) How real-time pricing customers typically implement manual control strategies; (2) Background on the New York Marriott Marquis hotel and San Francisco Marriott Moscone Center hotel (herein referred to as the Marriott Marquis and Marriott Moscone) test sites; (3) All aspects of the automated control programs at both hotels; and (4) Results, conclusions, and future extensions of the automated control program.« less