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Title: Status of Process Development for Pyrolysis of Biomass for Liquid Fuels and Chemicals Production.

Abstract

Pyrolysis is one of several thermochemical conversion strategies to produce useful fuels from biomass material . The goal of fast pyrolysis is to maximize liquid product yield. Fast pyrolysis is accomplished by the thermal treatment of the biomass in an air-free environment. Very short heat up and cool-down is a requirement for fast pyrolysis. The typical residence time in the pyrolysis reactor is 1 second. In order to accomplish the fast heatup, grinding the biomass to a small particle size in the range of 1 mm is typical and pre-drying of the biomass to less than 10 weight percent moisture is considered the standard. Recovery of the product liquid, called bio-oil, is accomplished by a variety of methods all of which require a quick quench of the product vapor. A definition of fast pyrolysis bio-oil is provided for the CAS # RN 1207435-39-9 recently issued by ChemAbstracts Services.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1000586
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-71983
BM0101010; TRN: US201101%%391
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
International Sustainable Energy Review, 4(2):56-57
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOMASS; GRINDING; LIQUID FUELS; MOISTURE; PARTICLE SIZE; PRODUCTION; PYROLYSIS; biomass; pyrolysis; bio-oil

Citation Formats

Elliott, Douglas C. Status of Process Development for Pyrolysis of Biomass for Liquid Fuels and Chemicals Production.. United States: N. p., 2010. Web.
Elliott, Douglas C. Status of Process Development for Pyrolysis of Biomass for Liquid Fuels and Chemicals Production.. United States.
Elliott, Douglas C. Tue . "Status of Process Development for Pyrolysis of Biomass for Liquid Fuels and Chemicals Production.". United States.
@article{osti_1000586,
title = {Status of Process Development for Pyrolysis of Biomass for Liquid Fuels and Chemicals Production.},
author = {Elliott, Douglas C},
abstractNote = {Pyrolysis is one of several thermochemical conversion strategies to produce useful fuels from biomass material . The goal of fast pyrolysis is to maximize liquid product yield. Fast pyrolysis is accomplished by the thermal treatment of the biomass in an air-free environment. Very short heat up and cool-down is a requirement for fast pyrolysis. The typical residence time in the pyrolysis reactor is 1 second. In order to accomplish the fast heatup, grinding the biomass to a small particle size in the range of 1 mm is typical and pre-drying of the biomass to less than 10 weight percent moisture is considered the standard. Recovery of the product liquid, called bio-oil, is accomplished by a variety of methods all of which require a quick quench of the product vapor. A definition of fast pyrolysis bio-oil is provided for the CAS # RN 1207435-39-9 recently issued by ChemAbstracts Services.},
doi = {},
journal = {International Sustainable Energy Review, 4(2):56-57},
number = 2,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {6}
}