Information products deemed by the originator to be useful beyond the originating site (i.e., intended to be published or disseminated), in any format or medium, which contain findings and technological innovations resulting from research and development (R&D) efforts and scientific and technological work of scientists, researchers, and engineers, whether Federal employee, contractor, or financial assistance recipient. STI also conveys the results of demonstration and commercial application activities as well as experiments, observations, simulations, studies, and analyses.
Scientific findings are communicated through various media – e.g., textual, multimedia, audiovisual, and digital - and are produced in a range of products such as technical reports, scientific/technical conference papers and presentations, theses and dissertations, scientific and technical computer software, journal articles, workshop reports, contractor planning documents, patents, publicly available scientific research datasets, or other forms of STI
. STI may be classified, Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI), controlled unclassified information (CUI), or unclassified with no access restrictions. DOE-funded STI originates primarily from research and other activities performed by site/facility management contractors, direct DOE-executed prime procurements, DOE-operated research activities, and financial assistance recipients, in addition to DOE employees.