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Title: Broadening Industry Governance to Include Nonproliferation

Broadening Industry Governance to Include Nonproliferation As industry is the first line of defense in detecting and thwarting illicit trade networks, the engagement of the private sector is critical to any government effort to strengthen existing mechanisms to protect goods and services throughout the supply chain. This study builds on previous PNNL work to continue to evaluate means for greater industry engagement to complement and strengthen existing governmental efforts to detect and stem the trade of illicit goods and to protect and secure goods that could be used in making a weapon of mass destruction. Specifically, the study evaluates the concept of Industry Self Regulation, defined as a systematic voluntary program undertaken by an industry or by individual companies to anticipate, implement, supplement, or substitute for regulatory requirements in a given field, generally through the adoption of best practices. Through a series of interviews with companies with a past history of non-compliance, trade associations and NGOs, the authors identify gaps in the existing regulatory infrastructure, drivers for a self regulation approach and the form such an approach might take, as well as obstacles to be overcome. The authors conclude that it is at the intersection of industry, government, and security that—through collaborative means—the effectiveness of the more » international nonproliferation system—can be most effectively strengthened to the mutual benefit of both government and the private sector. Industry has a critical stake in the success of this regime, and has the potential to act as an integrating force that brings together the existing mechanisms of the global nonproliferation regime: export controls, physical protection, and safeguards. The authors conclude that industry compliance is not enough; rather, nonproliferation must become a central tenant of a company’s corporate culture and be viewed as an integral component of corporate social responsibility (CSR). « less
Authors: ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:975000
Report Number(s):PNNL-17521
NN4004012; TRN: US201008%%584
DOE Contract Number:AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:Technical Report
Data Type:
Research Org:Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)
Sponsoring Org:USDOE
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; AVAILABILITY; COMPLIANCE; EXPORTS; GOODS AND SERVICES; PHYSICAL PROTECTION; PROLIFERATION; REGULATIONS; SAFEGUARDS; SECURITY; WEAPONS Industry; nonproliferation; dual use materials; regulation