U.S, Department of Energy's Bioenergy Research Centers An Overview of the Science
U.S, Department of Energy's Bioenergy Research Centers An Overview of the Science Alternative fuels from renewable cellulosic biomass--plant stalks, trunks, stems, and leaves--are expected to significantly reduce U.S. dependence on imported oil while enhancing national energy security and decreasing the environmental impacts of energy use. Ethanol and other advanced biofuels from cellulosic biomass are renewable alternatives that could increase domestic production of transportation fuels, revitalize rural economies, and reduce carbon dioxide and pollutant emissions. According to U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, 'Developing the next generation of biofuels is key to our effort to end our dependence on foreign oil and address the climate crisis while creating millions of new jobs that can't be outsourced'. In the United States, the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 is an important driver for the sustainable development of renewable biofuels. As part of EISA, the Renewable Fuel Standard mandates that 36 billion gallons of biofuels are to be produced annually by 2022, of which 16 billion gallons are expected to come from cellulosic feedstocks. Although cellulosic ethanol production has been demonstrated on a pilot level, developing a cost-effective, commercial-scale cellulosic biofuel industry will require transformational science to significantly streamline current production processes. Woodchips, grasses, cornstalks, and other cellulosic biomass are widely abundant but more »
|Resource Type:||Technical Report|
|Research Org:||DOESC (USDOE Office of Science (SC) (United States))|
|Sponsoring Org:||USDOE; Office of Biological and Environmental Research|
|Country of Publication:||United States|
|Subject:||09 BIOMASS FUELS; 10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; BIOFUELS; BIOLOGY; BIOMASS; BIOTECHNOLOGY; CARBON DIOXIDE; CHEMISTRY; CLIMATES; COMMUNITIES; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ETHANOL; ETHANOL FUELS; PIPELINES; POLLUTANTS; PRODUCTION; SACCHARIDES; SECURITY; SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT|
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