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Title: A Radically New Method for Hydrogen Storage in Hollow Glass Microspheres

A Radically New Method for Hydrogen Storage in Hollow Glass Microspheres Photo-induced hydrogen diffusion has been applied to the problem of storage of high pressure hydrogen in hollow glass microspheres. Results of this study indicate that this phenomenon can be used to provide a high mass efficiency, safe, cheap, non-toxic method for storage of high pressure hydrogen. The photo-induced response is immediate upon exposure to infrared light for hollow glass microspheres doped with iron, nickel, or cobalt oxide, which is consistent with previous results for transition metal oxide-doped bulk glass samples. This effect is not observed for HGMS which do not contain these transition metal oxide, where the slight release of hydrogen observed occurs only by heating from absorption of the light. The initial rate of hydrogen release increases with increasing concentration of the metal oxide and with increasing hydrogen fill pressure within the microspheres. To date, hydrogen storage efficiencies of 2.2 wt% have been obtained, but results suggest that storage values can be increased to at least 6 wt%. Hydrogen losses over a 5 week period are minimal at room temperature in all compositions, with somewhat greater, but acceptable, losses at 50 C. Hollow glass microspheres have been produced from an alkali alkaline earth borosilicate glass containing either 1 or more » 5 wt% of the oxides of iron, nickel, and cobalt. Photo-driven gas diffusion has been demonstrated for these HGMS. Demonstration of photo-induced diffusion in these samples provides the first proof-of-concept for eventual applications of HGMS for large scale hydrogen storage. « less
Authors: ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:918691
DOE Contract Number:FG26-04NT42170
Resource Type:Technical Report
Data Type:
Research Org:Alfred University
Sponsoring Org:USDOE
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 08 HYDROGEN; ABSORPTION; BOROSILICATE GLASS; COBALT; COBALT OXIDES; DIFFUSION; EFFICIENCY; GLASS; HEATING; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN STORAGE; IRON; MICROSPHERES; NICKEL; OXIDES; STORAGE