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Title: Low cost titanium--myth or reality

Low cost titanium--myth or reality In 1998, approximately 57,000 tons of titanium metal was consumed in the form of mill products (1). Only about 5% of the 4 million tons of titanium minerals consumed each year is used to produce titanium metal, with the remainder primarily used to produce titanium dioxide pigment. Titanium metal production is primarily based on the direct chlorination of rutile to produce titanium tetrachloride, which is then reduced to metal using the Kroll magnesium reduction process. The use of titanium is tied to its high strength-to-weight ratio and corrosion resistance. Aerospace is the largest application for titanium, and titanium cost has prevented its use in non-aerospace applications including the automotive and heavy vehicle industries.
Authors: ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:OSTI ID: 899609
Report Number(s):DOE/ARC-2001-086
TRN: US200708%%359
Resource Type:Conference
Resource Relation:Conference: EPD Congress 2001 as held at the 2001 TMS Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Feb. 11-15, 2001
Research Org:Albany Research Center (ARC), Albany, OR
Sponsoring Org:USDOE - Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CHLORINATION; CORROSION RESISTANCE; MAGNESIUM; PRODUCTION; RUTILE; TITANIUM titanium; low-cost titanium