SciTech Connect

Title: PYOMELANIN IS PRODUCED BY SHEWANELLA ALGAE BRY AND EFFECTED BY EXOGENOUS IRON

PYOMELANIN IS PRODUCED BY SHEWANELLA ALGAE BRY AND EFFECTED BY EXOGENOUS IRON Melanin production by S. algae BrY occurred during late/post-exponential growth in lactate-basal-salts liquid medium supplemented with tyrosine or phenylalanine. The antioxidant ascorbate inhibited melanin production, but not production of the melanin precursor, homogentisic acid. In the absence of ascorbate, melanin production was inhibited by the 4-hydroxyplenylpyruvate dioxygenase inhibitor, sulcotrione and Fe(II) (>0.2mM). These data support the hypothesis that pigment production by S. algae BrY was a result the conversion of tyrosine or phenylalanine to homogentisic acid which was excreted, auto-oxidized and self-polymerized to form pyomelanin. The inverse relationship between Fe(II) concentration and pyomelanin production has implications that pyomelanin may play a role in iron assimilation under Fe(II) limiting conditions.
Authors: ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:896528
Report Number(s):WSRC-STI-2006-00323
Journal ID: ISSN 0008-4166; CJMIAZ; TRN: US200703%%801
DOE Contract Number:DE-AC09-96SR18500
Resource Type:Journal Article
Data Type:
Resource Relation:Journal Name: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Research Org:SRS
Sponsoring Org:DOE
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; ALGAE; ANTIOXIDANTS; HYPOTHESIS; IRON; MELANIN; PHENYLALANINE; PIGMENTS; PRECURSOR; PRODUCTION; TYROSINE