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Title: New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration

New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration The main objective of this project is to confirm on a well-instrumented prototype the theoretically derived claims of higher efficiency and coefficient of performance for geothermal heat pumps based on a new regenerative thermodynamic cycle as comparing to existing technology. In order to demonstrate the improved performance of the prototype, it will be compared to published parameters of commercially available geothermal heat pumps manufactured by US and foreign companies. Other objectives are to optimize the design parameters and to determine the economic viability of the new technology. Background (as stated in the proposal): The proposed technology closely relates to EERE mission by improving energy efficiency, bringing clean, reliable and affordable heating and cooling to the residential and commercial buildings and reducing greenhouse gases emission. It can provide the same amount of heating and cooling with considerably less use of electrical energy and consequently has a potential of reducing our nations dependence on foreign oil. The theoretical basis for the proposed thermodynamic cycle was previously developed and was originally called a dynamic equilibrium method. This theory considers the dynamic equations of state of the working fluid and proposes the methods for modification of T-S trajectories of adiabatic transformation by changing dynamic more » properties of gas, such as flow rate, speed and acceleration. The substance of this proposal is a thermodynamic cycle characterized by the regenerative use of the potential energy of two-phase flow expansion, which in traditional systems is lost in expansion valves. The essential new features of the process are: (1) The application of two-step throttling of the working fluid and two-step compression of its vapor phase. (2) Use of a compressor as the initial step compression and a jet device as a second step, where throttling and compression are combined. (3) Controlled ratio of a working fluid at the first and second step of compression. In the proposed system, the compressor compresses the vapor only to 50-60% of the final pressure, while the additional compression is provided by a jet device using internal potential energy of the working fluid flow. Therefore, the amount of mechanical energy required by a compressor is significantly reduced, resulting in the increase of efficiency (either COP or EER). The novelty of the cycle is in the equipment and in the way the multi-staging is accomplished. The anticipated result will be a new refrigeration system that requires less energy to accomplish a cooling task. The application of this technology will be for more efficient designs of: (1) Industrial chillers, (2) Refrigeration plants, (3) Heat pumps, (4) Gas Liquefaction plants, (5) Cryogenic systems. « less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:850491
Report Number(s):Final Technical Report
TRN: US200707%%266
DOE Contract Number:FG36-04GO14327
Resource Type:Technical Report
Data Type:
Research Org:Magnetic Development Inc.
Sponsoring Org:USDOE - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; COEFFICIENT OF PERFORMANCE; COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS; COMPRESSION; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; EQUATIONS OF STATE; FLOW RATE; GREENHOUSE GASES; HEAT PUMPS; POTENTIAL ENERGY; REFRIGERATION; THERMODYNAMIC CYCLES; TWO-PHASE FLOW; VELOCITY; WORKING FLUIDS Heat Pumps, Refrigeration, Two-Phase Flow