SciTech Connect

Title: IMPACT OF DME-DIESEL FUEL BLEND PROPERTIES ON DIESEL FUEL INJECTION SYSTEMS

IMPACT OF DME-DIESEL FUEL BLEND PROPERTIES ON DIESEL FUEL INJECTION SYSTEMS The objectives of this research program are to develop information on lubricity and viscosity improvers and their impact on the wear mechanisms in fuel injectors operating on blends of dimethyl ether (DME) and diesel fuel. Since DME is a fuel with no lubricity (i.e., it does not possess the lubricating quality of diesel fuel), conventional fuel delivery and fuel injection systems are not compatible with dimethyl ether. Therefore, to operate a diesel engine on DME one must develop a fuel-tolerant injection system, or find a way to provide the necessary lubricity to the DME. In the shuttle bus project, we have chosen the latter strategy in order to achieve the objective with minimal need to modify the engine. Our strategy is to blend DME with diesel fuel, to obtain the necessary lubricity to protect the fuel injection system and to achieve low emissions. In this project, we have sought to develop methods for extending the permissible DME content in the DME-diesel blends without experiencing rapid injector failure due to wear. To date, our activities have covered three areas: examination of the impact of lubricity additives on the viscosity of DME, development of a high-pressure lubricity test apparatus for studies of more » lubricity and viscosity improvers and development of an injector durability stand for evaluation of wear rates in fuel injectors. This report provides summaries of the progress toward evaluation of the viscosity impacts of lubricity additives, completion of both experimental systems and a summary of the plan for completion of the project objectives. « less
Authors: ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:OSTI ID: 821275
DOE Contract Number:FC26-01NT41115
Resource Type:Technical Report
Resource Relation:Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2003
Research Org:The Pennsylvania State University (US)
Sponsoring Org:(US)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; ADDITIVES; DIESEL ENGINES; DIESEL FUELS; EVALUATION; FUEL INJECTION SYSTEMS; METHYL ETHER; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; VISCOSITY